EaMEAD

Activation energy prediction of cytochrome p450 mediated metabolism with effective atomic descriptors

Doo Nam Kim, Kwang Hwi Cho, Won Seok Oh, Chang Joon Lee, Sung Kwang Lee, Jihoon Jung, Kyoung Tai No

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In an effort to improve drug design and predictions for pharmacokinetics (PK), an empirical model was developed to predict the activation energies (Ea) of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) mediated metabolism. The model, EaMEAD (Activation energy of Metabolism reactions with Effective Atomic Descriptors), predicts the Ea of four major metabolic reactions of the CYP450 enzyme: aliphatic hydroxylation, N-dealkylation, O-dealkylation, and aromatic hydroxylation. To build and validate the empirical model, the Ea values of the substrates with diverse chemical structures (394 metabolic sites for aliphatic hydroxylation, 27 metabolic sites for N-dealkylation, 9 metabolic sites for O-dealkylation, and 85 metabolic sites for aromatic hydroxylation) were calculated by AM1 molecular orbital (MO). Empirical equations, Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR) models, were derived using effective atomic charge, effective atomic polarizability, and bond dipole moments of the substrates as descriptors. EaMEAD is shown to accurately predict Ea with a correlation coefficient (R) of 0.94 and root-mean-square error (RMSE, unit is kcal/mol) of 0.70 for aliphatic hydroxylation, N-dealkylation, and O-dealkylation, and R of 0.83 and RMSE of 0.80 for aromatic hydroxylation, respectively. Physical origin and the role of the effective atomic descriptors of the models are presented in detail. With this model, the Ea of the metabolism can be rapidly predicted without any experimental parameters or time-consuming QM calculation. Regioselectivity prediction with our model is presented in the case of CYP3A4 metabolism. The reliability and ease of use of this model will greatly facilitate early stage PK predictions and rational drug design. Moreover, the model can be applied to develop the Ea prediction model of various types of chemical reactions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1643-1654
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Chemical Information and Modeling
Volume49
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jul 27

Fingerprint

Metabolism
Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
activation
Activation energy
Hydroxylation
energy
Pharmacokinetics
drug
Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A
activity structure
Regioselectivity
Dipole moment
Molecular orbitals
Substrates
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Mean square error
Dealkylation
Chemical reactions

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Library and Information Sciences

Cite this

Kim, Doo Nam ; Cho, Kwang Hwi ; Oh, Won Seok ; Lee, Chang Joon ; Lee, Sung Kwang ; Jung, Jihoon ; No, Kyoung Tai. / EaMEAD : Activation energy prediction of cytochrome p450 mediated metabolism with effective atomic descriptors. In: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling. 2009 ; Vol. 49, No. 7. pp. 1643-1654.
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abstract = "In an effort to improve drug design and predictions for pharmacokinetics (PK), an empirical model was developed to predict the activation energies (Ea) of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) mediated metabolism. The model, EaMEAD (Activation energy of Metabolism reactions with Effective Atomic Descriptors), predicts the Ea of four major metabolic reactions of the CYP450 enzyme: aliphatic hydroxylation, N-dealkylation, O-dealkylation, and aromatic hydroxylation. To build and validate the empirical model, the Ea values of the substrates with diverse chemical structures (394 metabolic sites for aliphatic hydroxylation, 27 metabolic sites for N-dealkylation, 9 metabolic sites for O-dealkylation, and 85 metabolic sites for aromatic hydroxylation) were calculated by AM1 molecular orbital (MO). Empirical equations, Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR) models, were derived using effective atomic charge, effective atomic polarizability, and bond dipole moments of the substrates as descriptors. EaMEAD is shown to accurately predict Ea with a correlation coefficient (R) of 0.94 and root-mean-square error (RMSE, unit is kcal/mol) of 0.70 for aliphatic hydroxylation, N-dealkylation, and O-dealkylation, and R of 0.83 and RMSE of 0.80 for aromatic hydroxylation, respectively. Physical origin and the role of the effective atomic descriptors of the models are presented in detail. With this model, the Ea of the metabolism can be rapidly predicted without any experimental parameters or time-consuming QM calculation. Regioselectivity prediction with our model is presented in the case of CYP3A4 metabolism. The reliability and ease of use of this model will greatly facilitate early stage PK predictions and rational drug design. Moreover, the model can be applied to develop the Ea prediction model of various types of chemical reactions.",
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EaMEAD : Activation energy prediction of cytochrome p450 mediated metabolism with effective atomic descriptors. / Kim, Doo Nam; Cho, Kwang Hwi; Oh, Won Seok; Lee, Chang Joon; Lee, Sung Kwang; Jung, Jihoon; No, Kyoung Tai.

In: Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, Vol. 49, No. 7, 27.07.2009, p. 1643-1654.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T2 - Activation energy prediction of cytochrome p450 mediated metabolism with effective atomic descriptors

AU - Kim, Doo Nam

AU - Cho, Kwang Hwi

AU - Oh, Won Seok

AU - Lee, Chang Joon

AU - Lee, Sung Kwang

AU - Jung, Jihoon

AU - No, Kyoung Tai

PY - 2009/7/27

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N2 - In an effort to improve drug design and predictions for pharmacokinetics (PK), an empirical model was developed to predict the activation energies (Ea) of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) mediated metabolism. The model, EaMEAD (Activation energy of Metabolism reactions with Effective Atomic Descriptors), predicts the Ea of four major metabolic reactions of the CYP450 enzyme: aliphatic hydroxylation, N-dealkylation, O-dealkylation, and aromatic hydroxylation. To build and validate the empirical model, the Ea values of the substrates with diverse chemical structures (394 metabolic sites for aliphatic hydroxylation, 27 metabolic sites for N-dealkylation, 9 metabolic sites for O-dealkylation, and 85 metabolic sites for aromatic hydroxylation) were calculated by AM1 molecular orbital (MO). Empirical equations, Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR) models, were derived using effective atomic charge, effective atomic polarizability, and bond dipole moments of the substrates as descriptors. EaMEAD is shown to accurately predict Ea with a correlation coefficient (R) of 0.94 and root-mean-square error (RMSE, unit is kcal/mol) of 0.70 for aliphatic hydroxylation, N-dealkylation, and O-dealkylation, and R of 0.83 and RMSE of 0.80 for aromatic hydroxylation, respectively. Physical origin and the role of the effective atomic descriptors of the models are presented in detail. With this model, the Ea of the metabolism can be rapidly predicted without any experimental parameters or time-consuming QM calculation. Regioselectivity prediction with our model is presented in the case of CYP3A4 metabolism. The reliability and ease of use of this model will greatly facilitate early stage PK predictions and rational drug design. Moreover, the model can be applied to develop the Ea prediction model of various types of chemical reactions.

AB - In an effort to improve drug design and predictions for pharmacokinetics (PK), an empirical model was developed to predict the activation energies (Ea) of cytochrome P450 (CYP450) mediated metabolism. The model, EaMEAD (Activation energy of Metabolism reactions with Effective Atomic Descriptors), predicts the Ea of four major metabolic reactions of the CYP450 enzyme: aliphatic hydroxylation, N-dealkylation, O-dealkylation, and aromatic hydroxylation. To build and validate the empirical model, the Ea values of the substrates with diverse chemical structures (394 metabolic sites for aliphatic hydroxylation, 27 metabolic sites for N-dealkylation, 9 metabolic sites for O-dealkylation, and 85 metabolic sites for aromatic hydroxylation) were calculated by AM1 molecular orbital (MO). Empirical equations, Quantitative Structure Activity Relationship (QSAR) models, were derived using effective atomic charge, effective atomic polarizability, and bond dipole moments of the substrates as descriptors. EaMEAD is shown to accurately predict Ea with a correlation coefficient (R) of 0.94 and root-mean-square error (RMSE, unit is kcal/mol) of 0.70 for aliphatic hydroxylation, N-dealkylation, and O-dealkylation, and R of 0.83 and RMSE of 0.80 for aromatic hydroxylation, respectively. Physical origin and the role of the effective atomic descriptors of the models are presented in detail. With this model, the Ea of the metabolism can be rapidly predicted without any experimental parameters or time-consuming QM calculation. Regioselectivity prediction with our model is presented in the case of CYP3A4 metabolism. The reliability and ease of use of this model will greatly facilitate early stage PK predictions and rational drug design. Moreover, the model can be applied to develop the Ea prediction model of various types of chemical reactions.

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