Eucommia ulmoides cortex, geniposide and aucubin regulate lipotoxicity through the inhibition of lysosomal BAX

Geum Hwa Lee, Mi Rin Lee, Hwa Young Lee, Seung Hyun Kim, Hye Kyung Kim, Hyung Ryong Kim, Han Jung Chae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

In this study we examined the inhibition of hepatic dyslipidemia by Eucommia ulmoides extract (EUE). Using a screening assay for BAX inhibition we determined that EUE regulates BAX-induced cell death. Among various cell death stimuli tested EUE regulated palmitate-induced cell death, which involves lysosomal BAX translocation. EUE rescued palmitate-induced inhibition of lysosomal V-ATPase, α-galactosidase, a-mannosidase, and acid phosphatase, and this effect was reversed by bafilomycin, a lysosomal V-ATPase inhibitor. The active components of EUE, aucubin and geniposide, showed similar inhibition of palmitate-induced cell death to that of EUE through enhancement of lysosome activity. Consistent with these in vitro findings, EUE inhibited the dyslipidemic condition in a high-fat diet animal model by regulating the lysosomal localization of BAX. This study demonstrates that EUE regulates lipotoxicity through a novel mechanism of enhanced lysosomal activity leading to the regulation of lysosomal BAX activation and cell death. Our findings further indicate that geniposide and aucubin, active components of EUE, may be therapeutic candidates for non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere88017
JournalPLoS One
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Feb 19

Fingerprint

geniposide
Eucommiaceae
Eucommia ulmoides
aucubin
Cell death
cortex
Palmitates
extracts
cell death
Cell Death
palmitates
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Mannosidases
Galactosidases
H-transporting ATP synthase
Nutrition
Acid Phosphatase
Liver
Assays
mannosidases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

Lee, Geum Hwa ; Lee, Mi Rin ; Lee, Hwa Young ; Kim, Seung Hyun ; Kim, Hye Kyung ; Kim, Hyung Ryong ; Chae, Han Jung. / Eucommia ulmoides cortex, geniposide and aucubin regulate lipotoxicity through the inhibition of lysosomal BAX. In: PLoS One. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. 2.
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Eucommia ulmoides cortex, geniposide and aucubin regulate lipotoxicity through the inhibition of lysosomal BAX. / Lee, Geum Hwa; Lee, Mi Rin; Lee, Hwa Young; Kim, Seung Hyun; Kim, Hye Kyung; Kim, Hyung Ryong; Chae, Han Jung.

In: PLoS One, Vol. 9, No. 2, e88017, 19.02.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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