Background: To compare the differences between the one-dimensional (1D) length, two-dimensional (2D) area, and three-dimensional (3D) volume occupying ratios, and to assess the difference between the central and peripheral types of ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). Methods: In total, 60 patients were included in this study, and 1D and 2D occupying ratios were obtained using Centricity PACS (GE Healthcare), while a 3D model was created using MIMICS® (Materialise, Leuven, Belgium). Clinical symptoms were measured preoperatively by the modified Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) score, short-form health survey (SF-36), and neck disability index. The increased signal intensity (ISI) in T2-weighted MRI was divided into three groups: grade 0, none; grade1, limited to one disc level; or grade2, beyond one disc level. The axial view of spinal canal in CT was vertically divided into three equal parts. Then, the OPLL was categorized by central and peripheral type according to the location of most protruded tip. Results: The 1D, 2D, and 3D occupying ratios had a significantly negative relationship with JOA score (r=−0.503; −0.506; −0.516, respectively). There was little difference in the JOA score between the central and peripheral types (17.15 vs. 17.12, P=0.785). The relationship with MR ISI, according to the central and peripheral type, showed no significant difference. In each multiple regression analysis, the 1D, 2D, and 3D occupying ratios were determined to have more influence on the JOA score (Beta: −0.364, −0.411, −0.462, respectively) than age, sex, most severe level, OPLL type, location type, and MR ISI. Conclusions: There was no difference between 1D, 2D, and 3D occupying ratios in reflecting the JOA score in cervical OPLL. Also, it is sufficient to reflect the occupying ratio in the clinical outcome without distinguishing between central and peripheral type.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was performed mainly at the Department of Neurosurgery of the Severance Hospital. Funding: This research was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (grant number: HC15C1288).
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging