Evaluation of deep signal fading effects due to ionospheric scintillation on GPS aviation receivers

Jiwon Seo, Todd Walter, Tsung Yu Chiou, Juan Blanch, Per Enge

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Deep and frequent GPS signal fading due to strong ionospheric scintillation is major concern for aircraft navigation in the equatorial region during solar maximum periods. Deep signal fading can break a receiver's carrier tracking lock on a satellite channel and the satellite cannot be used for position solution until a receiver reacquires the lost channel. Frequent signal fading also causes frequent reset of the carrier smoothing filter of aviation receivers. Aviation receivers reduce code noise by as much as a factor of 10 by using carrier smoothing, but frequent loss of lock reduces the effective smoothing time and significantly increases the effect of code noise. This paper analyzes navigation availability during a strong scintillation period based on real scintillation data from the previous solar maximum. Both effects from satellite loss due to deep fading and shortened carrier smoothing time due to frequent fading are considered for the availability simulation. The strong scintillation data for this research was collected in 2001 with early IF (Intermediate Frequency) capture technology. This paper discusses possible C/No (carrier to noise density ratio) increases through improved receiver technology. C/No gain reduces a receiver's probability of loss of lock in the scintillation environment. Various probabilities of loss of lock are considered for the availability simulation in order to assess the benefit of a current receiver technology during strong scintillation. Availability results for vertical navigation (LPV 200) and horizontal navigation (RNP 0.1) during strong scintillation are illustrated as availability contours and the clear benefit of shorter reacquisition time is emphasized. Finally, a change of reacquisition time limit of the current WAAS MOPS (Minimum Operational Performance Standards) [1] is recommended based on the availability simulation results and observed reacquisition times of a certified WAAS receiver for 36 days in Brazil.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication21st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2008
Pages1715-1722
Number of pages8
Volume3
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 1
Event21st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2008 - Savannah, GA, United States
Duration: 2008 Sep 162008 Sep 19

Other

Other21st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2008
CountryUnited States
CitySavannah, GA
Period08/9/1608/9/19

Fingerprint

Scintillation
air traffic
Aviation
Global positioning system
recipient
Availability
evaluation
Navigation
Satellites
simulation
performance standard
aircraft
Aircraft
Brazil
time
cause

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Communication

Cite this

Seo, J., Walter, T., Chiou, T. Y., Blanch, J., & Enge, P. (2008). Evaluation of deep signal fading effects due to ionospheric scintillation on GPS aviation receivers. In 21st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2008 (Vol. 3, pp. 1715-1722)
Seo, Jiwon ; Walter, Todd ; Chiou, Tsung Yu ; Blanch, Juan ; Enge, Per. / Evaluation of deep signal fading effects due to ionospheric scintillation on GPS aviation receivers. 21st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2008. Vol. 3 2008. pp. 1715-1722
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title = "Evaluation of deep signal fading effects due to ionospheric scintillation on GPS aviation receivers",
abstract = "Deep and frequent GPS signal fading due to strong ionospheric scintillation is major concern for aircraft navigation in the equatorial region during solar maximum periods. Deep signal fading can break a receiver's carrier tracking lock on a satellite channel and the satellite cannot be used for position solution until a receiver reacquires the lost channel. Frequent signal fading also causes frequent reset of the carrier smoothing filter of aviation receivers. Aviation receivers reduce code noise by as much as a factor of 10 by using carrier smoothing, but frequent loss of lock reduces the effective smoothing time and significantly increases the effect of code noise. This paper analyzes navigation availability during a strong scintillation period based on real scintillation data from the previous solar maximum. Both effects from satellite loss due to deep fading and shortened carrier smoothing time due to frequent fading are considered for the availability simulation. The strong scintillation data for this research was collected in 2001 with early IF (Intermediate Frequency) capture technology. This paper discusses possible C/No (carrier to noise density ratio) increases through improved receiver technology. C/No gain reduces a receiver's probability of loss of lock in the scintillation environment. Various probabilities of loss of lock are considered for the availability simulation in order to assess the benefit of a current receiver technology during strong scintillation. Availability results for vertical navigation (LPV 200) and horizontal navigation (RNP 0.1) during strong scintillation are illustrated as availability contours and the clear benefit of shorter reacquisition time is emphasized. Finally, a change of reacquisition time limit of the current WAAS MOPS (Minimum Operational Performance Standards) [1] is recommended based on the availability simulation results and observed reacquisition times of a certified WAAS receiver for 36 days in Brazil.",
author = "Jiwon Seo and Todd Walter and Chiou, {Tsung Yu} and Juan Blanch and Per Enge",
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Seo, J, Walter, T, Chiou, TY, Blanch, J & Enge, P 2008, Evaluation of deep signal fading effects due to ionospheric scintillation on GPS aviation receivers. in 21st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2008. vol. 3, pp. 1715-1722, 21st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2008, Savannah, GA, United States, 08/9/16.

Evaluation of deep signal fading effects due to ionospheric scintillation on GPS aviation receivers. / Seo, Jiwon; Walter, Todd; Chiou, Tsung Yu; Blanch, Juan; Enge, Per.

21st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2008. Vol. 3 2008. p. 1715-1722.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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AU - Seo, Jiwon

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N2 - Deep and frequent GPS signal fading due to strong ionospheric scintillation is major concern for aircraft navigation in the equatorial region during solar maximum periods. Deep signal fading can break a receiver's carrier tracking lock on a satellite channel and the satellite cannot be used for position solution until a receiver reacquires the lost channel. Frequent signal fading also causes frequent reset of the carrier smoothing filter of aviation receivers. Aviation receivers reduce code noise by as much as a factor of 10 by using carrier smoothing, but frequent loss of lock reduces the effective smoothing time and significantly increases the effect of code noise. This paper analyzes navigation availability during a strong scintillation period based on real scintillation data from the previous solar maximum. Both effects from satellite loss due to deep fading and shortened carrier smoothing time due to frequent fading are considered for the availability simulation. The strong scintillation data for this research was collected in 2001 with early IF (Intermediate Frequency) capture technology. This paper discusses possible C/No (carrier to noise density ratio) increases through improved receiver technology. C/No gain reduces a receiver's probability of loss of lock in the scintillation environment. Various probabilities of loss of lock are considered for the availability simulation in order to assess the benefit of a current receiver technology during strong scintillation. Availability results for vertical navigation (LPV 200) and horizontal navigation (RNP 0.1) during strong scintillation are illustrated as availability contours and the clear benefit of shorter reacquisition time is emphasized. Finally, a change of reacquisition time limit of the current WAAS MOPS (Minimum Operational Performance Standards) [1] is recommended based on the availability simulation results and observed reacquisition times of a certified WAAS receiver for 36 days in Brazil.

AB - Deep and frequent GPS signal fading due to strong ionospheric scintillation is major concern for aircraft navigation in the equatorial region during solar maximum periods. Deep signal fading can break a receiver's carrier tracking lock on a satellite channel and the satellite cannot be used for position solution until a receiver reacquires the lost channel. Frequent signal fading also causes frequent reset of the carrier smoothing filter of aviation receivers. Aviation receivers reduce code noise by as much as a factor of 10 by using carrier smoothing, but frequent loss of lock reduces the effective smoothing time and significantly increases the effect of code noise. This paper analyzes navigation availability during a strong scintillation period based on real scintillation data from the previous solar maximum. Both effects from satellite loss due to deep fading and shortened carrier smoothing time due to frequent fading are considered for the availability simulation. The strong scintillation data for this research was collected in 2001 with early IF (Intermediate Frequency) capture technology. This paper discusses possible C/No (carrier to noise density ratio) increases through improved receiver technology. C/No gain reduces a receiver's probability of loss of lock in the scintillation environment. Various probabilities of loss of lock are considered for the availability simulation in order to assess the benefit of a current receiver technology during strong scintillation. Availability results for vertical navigation (LPV 200) and horizontal navigation (RNP 0.1) during strong scintillation are illustrated as availability contours and the clear benefit of shorter reacquisition time is emphasized. Finally, a change of reacquisition time limit of the current WAAS MOPS (Minimum Operational Performance Standards) [1] is recommended based on the availability simulation results and observed reacquisition times of a certified WAAS receiver for 36 days in Brazil.

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Seo J, Walter T, Chiou TY, Blanch J, Enge P. Evaluation of deep signal fading effects due to ionospheric scintillation on GPS aviation receivers. In 21st International Technical Meeting of the Satellite Division of the Institute of Navigation, ION GNSS 2008. Vol. 3. 2008. p. 1715-1722