Insulating concrete is a type of concrete that is designed to reduce thermal conductivity. Insulating concrete contains numerous voids that play an important role in reducing heat conduction. Therefore, appropriate nondestructive methods are required to examine the spatial distribution of voids and constituents in a concrete specimen. In this study, an insulating concrete specimen containing hollow glass beads to increase the insulating effect is adopted. Then, micro computed tomography (CT) is used to investigate the spatial distribution of the voids in this specimen. By using a micro CT device, a series of cross-sectional images of the specimen at micrometer-order pixel size are generated by X-rays. To quantitatively describe the spatial distribution of voids in the specimen, probability functions such as two-point correlation, lineal-path, and two-point cluster functions are adopted. In addition, the thermal conductivity of the specimen is evaluated using finite element simulation. The results clarify the insulating effect of glass beads on the concrete specimen and reveal a strong relationship between the probabilistic characteristics of the void distribution and the material responses of insulating concrete.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a Korea Research Foundation Grant funded by the Korean Government ( NRF-2011-0029212 and NRF-2014R1A2A2A09052374 ). In addition, the authors wish to extend their gratitude to Pohang Accelerator Laboratory (PAL), Republic of Korea, for their assistance with micro CT imaging.
© 2015 Elsevier Ltd.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Building and Construction
- Materials Science(all)