Thermal insulation material, an essential building material, is used to preserve heat or block heat gains in buildings. Insulation material is currently attracting significant attention, and thermal conductivity, i.e., thermal insulation performance, is expressed at a very low value. Therefore, since the era of industrialization, several chemicals have been used to secure thermal insulation performance in each sector; therefore, the resulting hazards have increased. To date, researches have been mainly conducted to secure the low thermal conductivity of insulating material; however, the hazards remain unaddressed. Therefore, this study quantitatively evaluates 18 building construction products and the emission of pollutants and harmful gas during combustion events. Pollutant emission was conducted using the 20-L small chamber method according to the ISO 16000, and formaldehyde, total volatile organic compounds, and five volatile organic compounds were analyzed. Gas hazard evaluation during combustion was evaluated by KS F 2271: Fire Retardant Testing Method of Interior Finishes and Structures as the average behavioral stop time of rats under thermal insulation combustion conditions.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning(KETEP) and the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy(MOTIE) of the Republic of Korea (No. 20194010201850 ).
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis