Evaluation of Moringa oleifera seed extract by extraction time: Effect on coagulation efficiency and extract characteristic

Youmi Jung, Yoonhee Jung, Minhwan Kwon, Homin Kye, Yirga Weldu Abrha, Joon Wun Kang

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The seed of Moringa oleifera (MO) is a well-known coagulant used in water and wastewater treatment, especially in developing countries. The main mechanism of MO seed extract in coagulation is the positive protein component for charge neutralization. The method for efficient extraction of MO seed is very important for high coagulation activity. In this study, the effects of extraction mixing speed and extraction time of MO on coagulation activity were evaluated using a distilled water extraction method. Although the rotation per minute for extraction did not affect the coagulation efficiency, the extraction time strongly affected the coagulation efficiency of the extract. To evaluate the characteristic change of MO extract by extraction time, the charge of MO extract and protein characteristic in MO extract were analysed. As the extraction time was short, more positive charge and higher protein content were observed. For detailed protein analysis, the fluorescence spectroscopic study (EEM analysis) was performed. The tryptophan-like peak increased at longer extraction times. For efficient extraction of MO seed, a short extraction time is strongly recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)904-913
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Water and Health
Volume16
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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