This study was conducted to find the optimal conditions for removing anionic surfactants in wastewater using the coagulant-flocculant method. Optimal conditions must be found to minimize the amount of metal materials that can cause secondary contamination and to improve performance. Five parameters were selected to investigate their influence on surfactant removal. The ranges of the independent variables were 0.5–5% for coagulant concentration, 0.1–1% for flocculant concentration, and 20–650 mg/L for surfactant concentration; the coagulant type was FeCl3·6H2O or Ca(OH)2; and the pH ranged from 2 to 10. The experimental results were analyzed with Minitab 19.1 to find the optimal conditions to maximize the removal rate of surfactant. In this study, a total of 20 experiments were carried out using a half fractional factorial design (FFD) including two center points with a resolution of 5 and a pseudo-center point. The results demonstrated that coagulant concentration, flocculant concentration, and pH were significant independent variables with respect to surfactant removal. The fitted regression equation confirmed that the surfactant removal rate was maximized when the coagulant concentration was 5%, the flocculant concentration was 0.1%, and the pH was 10.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by BOIM ENERGY Co. Ltd. in Yeosu-si, Jeollanam-do, Korea.
This work was supported by BOIM ENERGY Co., Ltd. in Yeosu-si, Jeollanam-do, Korea.
© 2020 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis