Evaluation of pore structures and cracking in cement paste exposed to elevated temperatures by X-ray computed tomography

Kwang Yeom Kim, Tae Sup Yun, Kwang Pil Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When cement-based materials are exposed to the high temperatures induced by fire, which can rapidly cause temperatures of over 1000 C, the changes in pore structure and density prevail. In the present study, mortar specimens were subjected to a series of increasing temperatures to explore the temperature-dependent evolution of internal pore structure. High-performance X-ray computed tomography (CT) was used to observe the evolution of temperature-induced discontinuities at the sub-millimeter level. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were employed to investigate the cause of physical changes in the heated mortar specimens. Results exhibit the changes in pore structure caused by elevated temperatures, and thermally induced fractures. We discuss the progressive formation of thermally induced fracture networks, which is a prerequisite for spalling failure of cement-based materials by fire, based on visual observations of the 3D internal structures revealed by X-ray CT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-40
Number of pages7
JournalCement and Concrete Research
Volume50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 May 3

Fingerprint

Pore structure
Ointments
Tomography
Cements
X rays
Mortar
Temperature
Fires
Spalling
X ray diffraction
Scanning electron microscopy

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "When cement-based materials are exposed to the high temperatures induced by fire, which can rapidly cause temperatures of over 1000 C, the changes in pore structure and density prevail. In the present study, mortar specimens were subjected to a series of increasing temperatures to explore the temperature-dependent evolution of internal pore structure. High-performance X-ray computed tomography (CT) was used to observe the evolution of temperature-induced discontinuities at the sub-millimeter level. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) were employed to investigate the cause of physical changes in the heated mortar specimens. Results exhibit the changes in pore structure caused by elevated temperatures, and thermally induced fractures. We discuss the progressive formation of thermally induced fracture networks, which is a prerequisite for spalling failure of cement-based materials by fire, based on visual observations of the 3D internal structures revealed by X-ray CT.",
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Evaluation of pore structures and cracking in cement paste exposed to elevated temperatures by X-ray computed tomography. / Kim, Kwang Yeom; Yun, Tae Sup; Park, Kwang Pil.

In: Cement and Concrete Research, Vol. 50, 03.05.2013, p. 34-40.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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