This study attempted to evaluate whether oral lichen planus (OLP) has the potential to progress to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) by comparing the degree of genetic instability between clinically-curable OLP and lesions that progressed to OSCC. Fifteen cases of steroid-responsive OLP and two cases of lichenoid dysplasia (LD) that progressed to OSCC were used for this study. Chromosome in situ hybridization (CISH) was performed for chromosomes 9 and 17. The fraction of polysomic and monosomic cells for chromosome 9 increased in mucosal epithelium compared to those of lymphocytes in OLP. This difference was statistically significant (P=0.0017, 0.0054, respectively). Two LD patients showed 15.38% and 22.58% of PI for chromosome 9. In OSCC that developed from LD, the fraction of monosomic cells for chromosome 9 increased by more than 70%. We concluded that LD should be treated as a high-risk premalignant lesion and strongly suggest that the monosomy of chromosome 9 may have a critical role in progress to malignancy from LD.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Oral Surgery
- Cancer Research