Evaluation of premalignant potential in oral lichen planus using interphase cytogenetics

Jin Kim, Jong In Yook, Eun Ha Lee, Mi Heon Ryu, Jung Hoon Yoon, Jun Chul Hong, Dong Ju Kim, Hyun Sil Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study attempted to evaluate whether oral lichen planus (OLP) has the potential to progress to oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) by comparing the degree of genetic instability between clinically-curable OLP and lesions that progressed to OSCC. Fifteen cases of steroid-responsive OLP and two cases of lichenoid dysplasia (LD) that progressed to OSCC were used for this study. Chromosome in situ hybridization (CISH) was performed for chromosomes 9 and 17. The fraction of polysomic and monosomic cells for chromosome 9 increased in mucosal epithelium compared to those of lymphocytes in OLP. This difference was statistically significant (P=0.0017, 0.0054, respectively). Two LD patients showed 15.38% and 22.58% of PI for chromosome 9. In OSCC that developed from LD, the fraction of monosomic cells for chromosome 9 increased by more than 70%. We concluded that LD should be treated as a high-risk premalignant lesion and strongly suggest that the monosomy of chromosome 9 may have a critical role in progress to malignancy from LD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Oral Pathology and Medicine
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Cancer Research
  • Periodontics

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