This study evaluated the diagnostic performance of the AccuPower® TB&MDR Real-Time PCR (TBMDR®) and AccuPower® XDR-TB Real-Time PCR Kit-A (XDRA®) to detect multidrug-resistant (MDR-TB) and pre-extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis (pre-XDR-TB) in comparison with phenotypic drug susceptibility testing (DST) using MGIT 960 on 234 clinical Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates. Discrepant results were confirmed by direct-sequencing. Sensitivity and specificity of TBMDR and XDRA for cultured isolates were 81.2% and 95.8% for isoniazid (INH) resistance, 95.7% and 95.7% for rifampicin (RIF) resistance, 84.1% and 99.1% for fluoroquinolone (FQ) resistance, and 67.4% and 100% for second-line injectables resistance. The sensitivities of each drug were equivalent to other molecular DST methods. High concordance was observed when compared to direct-sequencing. We also found that TBMDR and XDRA assays can detect INH, RIF and FQ resistance in isolates with low level resistance-associated mutations which were missed by phenotypic DST. Our study showed TBMDR and XDRA assays could be the useful tools to detect MDR-TB and pre-XDR-TB.
|Journal||Journal of Clinical Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Diseases|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 May|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported (in part) through continuing support from the Ministry for Health and Welfare of the Republic of Korea.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases