Background: This retrospective study evaluated the clinical efficacy of quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) technology for crack detection and the diagnosis of cracked teeth and assessed the possibility of a quantitative evaluation of cracks using QLF technology. Methods: Patients who were clinically diagnosed with cracked teeth over a 1-year period were included. The QLF images of the corresponding symptomatic cracked teeth and asymptomatic contralateral teeth with crack lines were taken with Qraypen C (AIOBIO, Seoul, Korea). Fluorescence loss (ΔF), maximum fluorescence loss (ΔFmax), red fluorescence (ΔR), and maximum red fluorescence (ΔRmax) of the crack line were analyzed. The correlation between these parameters and sex, age, tooth position (1st premolar, 2nd premolar, 1st molar, 2nd molar), spontaneous pain (+/-), percussion test (+/-), cold test (++/+/-), and bite test (+/-) were statistically analyzed. Results: A total of 66 patients were included. Twenty-four patients had asymptomatic contralateral teeth with apparent crack lines; thus, 90 teeth were analyzed. The crack lines in 84 teeth observed as red fluorescent lines on the QLF images showed ΔR values higher than the cut-off value set by the analysis program used. The patient's age and the ∣ΔF∣ and ΔR values were positively correlated. However, there was no statistically significant difference in the QLF parameters between the same patient's symptomatic tooth and the contralateral tooth. Conclusions: QLF technology is a useful assistive diagnostic device for diagnosing cracked teeth.
|Journal||Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy|
|Publication status||Published - 2023 Mar|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea. (grant number: HI20C2125 ).
This work was supported by the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea [grant number HI20C2125 ].
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)