To gain insight into factors that lead to dissociation of Bax from a complex with Hsp70 during apoptosis, we recently constructed a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) system composed of the Hsp70-YFP (YFP=yellow fluorescent protein) fusion protein and fluorescent amino acid (ANAP=6-acetyl(naphthalen-2-ylamino)-2-aminopropanoic acid)-containing Bax (Bax-ANAP), which was produced by using the genetic code expansion technique. In the current study, the FRET system was employed to elucidate how brefeldin A (an endoplasmic reticulum stress inducer), chlorpromazine and apoptozole (lysosomal membrane destabilizers), bafilomycin A1 (an inhibitor of lysosomal acidification) as well as raptinal and Az-TPP-O3 (mitochondria-targeted apoptosis inducers) affect the interaction between Bax and Hsp70. Analyses of single live cell images together with results of co-immunoprecipitation assays reveal that brefeldin A, chlorpromazine, and apoptozole promote dissociation of the Bax/Hsp70 complex through activation of the activator BH3-only protein. However, the results show that bafilomycin A1, raptinal, and Az-TPP-O3 have no influence on the interaction of Bax with Hsp70. The combined observations made in the current and previous studies demonstrate that the FRET system consisting of Bax-ANAP and Hsp70-YFP is highly useful to understand apoptotic processes associated with the Bax–Hsp70 interaction.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported financially by the National Creative Research Initiative (grant no. 2010-0018272 to I.S.) and the Basic Science Research Program (2018R1A6A1A03024940 to H.L.) in Korea.
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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Organic Chemistry