The abilities of the new Vitek 2 AST-YS08 (YS08) and Sensititre YeastOne (SYO) systems to detect the resistances of Candida isolates to azoles and echinocandins were evaluated. In total, 292 isolates, including 28 Candida albicans (6 Erg11 and 2 Fks mutants), 57 Candida parapsilosis (26 Erg11 mutants), 24 Candida tropicalis (10 Erg11 and 1 Fks mutants), and 183 Candida glabrata (39 Pdr1 and 13 Fks mutants) isolates, were tested. The categorical agreements (CAs) between the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) method and YS08 fluconazole MICs obtained using clinical breakpoints were 92.4% (C. albicans), 96.5% (C. parapsilosis), and 87.0% (C. tropicalis), and the CAs between the CLSI and SYO MICs were 92.3% (C. albicans), 77.2% (C. parapsilosis), 100% (C. tropicalis), and 98.9% (C. glabrata). For C. glabrata, the CAs with the CLSI micafungin MICs were 92.4% and 55.5% for the YS08 micafungin and caspofungin MICs, respectively; they were 100%, 95.6%, and 98.9% for the SYO micafungin, caspofungin, and anidulafungin MICs, respectively. YS08 does not provide fluconazole data for C. glabrata; the CA with the CLSI fluconazole MIC was 97.8% for the YS08 voriconazole MIC, using an epidemiological cutoff value (ECV) of 0.5 μg/ml. Increased CAs with the CLSI MIC were observed for the YS08 MIC using CLSI ECVs (for fluconazole and C. tropicalis, 100%; for micafungin and C. glabrata, 98.9%) and for the SYO MIC using method-specific ECVs (for fluconazole and C. parapsilosis, 91.2%; for caspofungin and C. glabrata, 98.9%). Therefore, the YS08 and SYO systems may have different abilities to detect mechanisms of azole and echinocandin resistance in four Candida species; the use of method-specific ECVs may improve the performance of both systems.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Education (grant NRF-2019R1A2C1004644). bioMérieux supplied Vitek 2 AST-YS08 cards free of charge. We declare no conflicts of interest.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases