Objectives-The purpose of this study was to evaluate diagnostic performance of histogram analysis using grayscale ultrasound (US) images in the diagnosis of lymphocytic thyroiditis. Methods-Three radiologists reviewed a total of 505 US images and classified the images according to the presence/existence of lymphocytic thyroiditis. After 2 months, each reviewer repeated the process with the same 505 images in a randomly mixed order. The intraobserver and interobserver variability was analyzed with a generalized κ value. Four histogram parameters (mean value, standard deviation, skewness, and kurtosis) were obtained, and an index was calculated from principal component analysis. Diagnostic performances were compared. Results-Of 505 patients, 125 (24.8%) had lymphocytic thyroiditis, and 380 (75.2%) had normal thyroid parenchyma on pathologic analysis. The κ value for intraobserver variance ranged from -0.002 to 0.781, and the overall κ values for interobserver variance were 0.570 and 0.214 in the first and second tests, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, accuracy, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value for the 3 reviewers versus the principal component analysis index were 28.0% to 83.2%, 43.7% to 82.6%, 53.5% to 79.0%, 24.6% to 56.2%, and 75.2% to 88.9% versus 58.4%, 72.4%, 68.9%, 41.0%, and 84.1%. Conclusions-Histogram analysis of grayscale US images provided confirmable and quantitative information about lymphocytic thyroiditis and was comparable with performers' assessments in diagnostic performance.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging