In the present study, tensile and springback properties of medium (3–7 wt%) Mn steels for warm stamping were investigated as functions of Mn content, austenitizing temperature (Taus), V-bending temperature (Tb) and time (tb). For comparison, the tensile and springback properties of 22MnB5 steel used for hot stamping were also evaluated. Whereas medium-Mn steels were air-cooled to room temperature after austenitizing at various Taus, the 22MnB5 steel was water-quenched. The 5Mn steel exhibited the highest tensile properties due to the martensitic matrix with inactive auto-tempering and negligible amount of retained austenite. The springback of medium-Mn specimens was increased by the addition of Mn at a given Tb when tb was 0 s. At the Tb of 300–500 °C, the fraction of martensitic transformation was raised by increasing the Mn content, resulting in high springback. At the Tb of 600 °C, the rise in transformation strain by the addition of Mn raised springback. When Tb was fixed to be 600 °C, the springback of medium-Mn specimens was increased by the addition of Mn due to the increases in transformation strain at the tb of 0 s and the fraction of martensitic transformation during air cooling at the tb of 2 s and over.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education (grant number: NRF-2019R1A2C2004452 ).
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering