Evolution of the local structure and electrochemical properties of spinel LiNixMn2-xO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5)

Yingjin Wei, Kwang Bum Kim, Gang Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

73 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of Ni substituted spinel LiNixMn2-xO 4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) have been synthesized to study the evolution of the local structure and their electrochemical properties. X-ray diffraction showed a few Ni cations moved to the 8a sites in heavily substituted LiNi xMn2-xO4 (x ≥ 0.3). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed Ni2+ cations were partially oxidized to Ni3+. The local structures of LiNixMn2-xO 4 were studied by analyzing the F2g(1) and A1g Raman bands. The most compact [Mn(Ni)O6] octahedron with the highest bond energy of Mn(Ni)O was found for LiNi0.2Mn1.8O4, which showed a Mn(Ni)O average bond length of 1.790 Å, and a force constant of 2.966 N cm-1. Electrolyte decomposition during the electrochemical charging processes increased with Ni substitution. The discharge capacities at the 4.1 and 4.7 V plateaus obeyed the linear relationships with respect to the Ni substitution with the slopes of -1.9 and +1.9, which were smaller than the theoretical values of -2 and +2, respectively. The smaller slopes could be attributed to the electrochemical hysteresis and the presence of Ni3+ in the materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3365-3373
Number of pages9
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume51
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Apr 10

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Electrochemical properties
Cations
Substitution reactions
Positive ions
Bond length
Electrolytes
Hysteresis
X ray photoelectron spectroscopy
Decomposition
X ray diffraction
spinell

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

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title = "Evolution of the local structure and electrochemical properties of spinel LiNixMn2-xO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5)",
abstract = "A series of Ni substituted spinel LiNixMn2-xO 4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) have been synthesized to study the evolution of the local structure and their electrochemical properties. X-ray diffraction showed a few Ni cations moved to the 8a sites in heavily substituted LiNi xMn2-xO4 (x ≥ 0.3). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed Ni2+ cations were partially oxidized to Ni3+. The local structures of LiNixMn2-xO 4 were studied by analyzing the F2g(1) and A1g Raman bands. The most compact [Mn(Ni)O6] octahedron with the highest bond energy of Mn(Ni)O was found for LiNi0.2Mn1.8O4, which showed a Mn(Ni)O average bond length of 1.790 {\AA}, and a force constant of 2.966 N cm-1. Electrolyte decomposition during the electrochemical charging processes increased with Ni substitution. The discharge capacities at the 4.1 and 4.7 V plateaus obeyed the linear relationships with respect to the Ni substitution with the slopes of -1.9 and +1.9, which were smaller than the theoretical values of -2 and +2, respectively. The smaller slopes could be attributed to the electrochemical hysteresis and the presence of Ni3+ in the materials.",
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Evolution of the local structure and electrochemical properties of spinel LiNixMn2-xO4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5). / Wei, Yingjin; Kim, Kwang Bum; Chen, Gang.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 51, No. 16, 10.04.2006, p. 3365-3373.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - A series of Ni substituted spinel LiNixMn2-xO 4 (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.5) have been synthesized to study the evolution of the local structure and their electrochemical properties. X-ray diffraction showed a few Ni cations moved to the 8a sites in heavily substituted LiNi xMn2-xO4 (x ≥ 0.3). X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed Ni2+ cations were partially oxidized to Ni3+. The local structures of LiNixMn2-xO 4 were studied by analyzing the F2g(1) and A1g Raman bands. The most compact [Mn(Ni)O6] octahedron with the highest bond energy of Mn(Ni)O was found for LiNi0.2Mn1.8O4, which showed a Mn(Ni)O average bond length of 1.790 Å, and a force constant of 2.966 N cm-1. Electrolyte decomposition during the electrochemical charging processes increased with Ni substitution. The discharge capacities at the 4.1 and 4.7 V plateaus obeyed the linear relationships with respect to the Ni substitution with the slopes of -1.9 and +1.9, which were smaller than the theoretical values of -2 and +2, respectively. The smaller slopes could be attributed to the electrochemical hysteresis and the presence of Ni3+ in the materials.

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