Evolution of the morphology and optical properties of ZnO nanowires during catalyst-free growth by thermal evaporation

Woong Lee, Min Chang Jeong, Jae Min Myoung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

ZnO nanowires were grown on Si(001) substrates by catalyst-free thermal evaporation of ZnO powders in a lateral quartz tube without using a carrier gas. In the first phase of the vapour deposition process, film-like structures were formed on the substrate surface in three-dimensional island growth mode and then rod-like nanostructures nucleated at the vertices of these ZnO islands. The rod-like structures grew further into slender needle-like structures that finally evolved into straight hexagonal prismatic ZnO nanowires having c-axis oriented single-crystalline wurtzite structure. Morphological evolution of the ZnO nanostructures accompanied improvement in the crystal qualities as reflected in the emission characteristics investigated by photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy, where intensified near-band-edge (NBE) emission was observed as compared with previously reported cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1441-1445
Number of pages5
JournalNanotechnology
Volume15
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Nov 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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