Strain sensor network-based structural health monitoring systems have been used to assess the safety of high-rise buildings. In consideration of life cycle of high-rise buildings, long-term measurement by sensors should be required. However, because of unpredictable problems such as the lack of durability of sensors and data loggers, disruption in communication, and loss of data, long-term strain measurement of major structural members is currently infeasible. For sustainable safety assessment of high-rise buildings, this paper presents a sustainable strain-sensing model that employs an artificial neural network (ANN) to estimate the strain responses of columns depending on the wind-induced behavior of high-rise buildings. The ANN model used in the paper is based on evolutionary learning consists of training in radial basis function neural network (RBFN) and evolving in genetic algorithm. In this evolutionary RBFN (ERBFN). Weights between layers are trained and variables of Gaussian function in the RBFN are evolved to estimate strain responses of the column of the high-rise building structure. A wind tunnel test was performed to produce wind data and strains in column members in a high-rise building model. In the wind tunnel test, a specimen consisting of a core, perimeter columns, and outriggers is used to simulate the conditions of typical high-rise buildings with a slenderness ratio of 5.0. The proposed model is trained and verified by using the wind data such as wind speeds and directions and the corresponding strains measured with fiber optic grating sensors. In addition to estimation of the maximum and minimum values of strains in vertical members in a high-rise building, it is found that the proposed model can build a relationship between the wind data and strain of vertical members.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korean government (MSIP) (No. 2011-0018360).
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