In the attempt to reduce the high-cost and improve the overall durability of Pt-based electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), density-functional theory (DFT) calculations have been performed to study the energetics of the elementary steps that occur during ORR on TiN(100)- and TiC(100)-supported single Pt atoms. The O2 and OOH* dissociation processes on Pt/TiN(100) are determined to be non-activated (i.e. “barrier-less” dissociation) while an activation energy barrier of 0.19 and 0.51 eV is found for these dissociation processes on Pt/TiC(100), respectively. Moreover, the series pathway (which is characterized by the stable OOH* molecular intermediate) on Pt/TiC(100) is predicted to be more favorable than the direct pathway. Our electronic structure analysis supports a strong synergistic co-operative effect by these non-oxide supports (TiN and TiC) on the reduced state of the single-atom Pt catalyst, and directly influences the rudimentary ORR steps on these single-atom platinized supports.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Samsung Research Funding Center of Samsung Electronics under project number SRFC-MA1501-03. Computational resources have been provided by the KISTI Supercomputing Center (KSC-2017-C3-0008) and the Australian National Computational Infrastructure (NCI). This research was partially supported by the Graduate School of YONSEI University Research Scholarship Grants in 2017.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)