Excited state charge transfer promoted Raman enhancement of copper phthalocyanine by twisted bilayer graphenes

Younghoon Cheon, Youngsam Kim, Minsuk Park, Jehyun Oh, Eunhye Koo, Eunji Sim, Sang Yong Ju

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Few atom thick, twisted bilayer graphene (tBLG) possesses a rotation angle (θ) dependent van Hove singularity (vHs). Fine-tuning vHs serves a potential method to enhance charge transfer (CT) in surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. This study shows that tBLG having a specific θ promotes as high as a 1.7 times enhancement of the Raman signals of copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) as compared to that caused by single layer graphene (SLG). The results of a combination of reflection imaging spectroscopy and widefield Raman provide spatial and spectral information about both tBLG with θ ranging from 10.9 to 13.7° and the corresponding vHs. Comparison of Raman spectra of CuPc in presence and absence of tBLG demonstrates that a significant enhancement of certain CuPc vibrational modes occurs when the underlying tBLG possesses a θ = 12.2°, showing as high as 6.8 and 1.7 times enhancements of certain vibrational mode as compared to those of CuPc on bare and SLG substrates, respectively. Theoretical calculations indicate that a match between the energies of vHs of tBLG with those of frontier orbitals of CuPc facilitates CT from the distant SLG to CuPc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-314
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge D.K. for the help with the thermal evaporation of CuPc. This research was mainly financially supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology ( 2020R1F1A1076983 , 2020R1A4A1017737 , 2020R1A2C2007468 , and in part 2019R1A6A3A13091240 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)


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