The photoinduced energy transfer processes in 1,4-phenylene-, 1,3-phenylene, 1,2-phenylene, and 4,4′-biphenylene-linked and directly-linked Zn(II)-free base porphyrin heterodimers in THF were investigated by femtosecond transient absorption spectroscopy. The energy transfer rates were compared between TPP-type and OEP-type heterodimers respectively as A2u-HOMO and A]U-HOMO subunits, for evaluating the relative contribution of the through-bond and through-space interactions. The rate difference becomes smaller with a decrease of spacer, more than 10 for 1,4-bis(phenylethynyl)phenylene and 1,4-diphenylethynylene, 4 for 4,4′-biphenylene-linked heterodimer, and 3 for 1,3- and 1,4-phenylene-linked spacers. In the meso-meso directlylinked case, the energy transfer rates are the same ((0.55 ps)-1) for 5,5,15,15-tetrakis(3,5-bis(octyloxy)phenyl)-substituted and 5,5,15,15-tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)-substituted heterodimers, featuring only a minor influence of the frontier orbital characteristics on the energy transfer rate. The energy transfer rates are identical (0.55 ps)-1 for the directly-linked meso-meso heterodimers substituted with 3,5-bis(octyloxy)phenyl and pentafluorophenyl groups regardless of the difference in the HOMO orbital symmetry characteristics, suggesting the predominant Coulombic interaction for the energy transfer in these close proximity porphyrin dimers. In the case of 1,2-phenylene-linked heterodimers, the choice of the peripheral substituents can lead to a state-to-state rapid energy transfer with a rate of (0.55 ps-1) for the TPP-type model or a delocalized excimer-like diporphyrin excited state for the OEP-type model. Collectively, these results indicate that even for the covalently-linked models the relative contribution of the through-space Coulombic interaction becomes increasingly important upon the decrease of the center-to-center separation. Especially, the fast and efficient energy transfer occurring in the directly-linked heterodimer illustrates that this porphyrin unit can be utilized as a good candidate for energy transfer functional arrays in molecular photonic devices.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry