Exfoliated 2D Lepidocrocite Titanium Oxide Nanosheets for High Sulfur Content Cathodes with Highly Stable Li-S Battery Performance

Sharad B. Patil, Hyeon Jin Kim, Hyung Kyu Lim, Seung Mi Oh, Jiheon Kim, Jaeho Shin, Hyungjun Kim, Jang Wook Choi, Seong Ju Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite the high energy densities, lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries suffer from insufficient cycle life originating from the shuttling process involving lithium polysulfides (LiPSs). Various approaches have been introduced to resolve the shuttling problem, but they are not usually effective for electrodes with high sulfur contents. Here, we report an exfoliated 2D lepidocrocite titanium oxide nanosheet as a component for sulfur cathodes to suppress polysulfide dissolution markedly. In particular, the Lewis acidity originating from undercoordinated Ti species as well as the large surface area associated with the 2D structure endow 2D lepidocrocite titanium oxide with an efficient interaction with LiPSs. As a result, even with a sulfur content of 80 wt %, the Li-S cell exhibits 1023.5 mAh g-1 at 50 mA g-1 and a capacity retention of 82.3% after 300 cycles measured at 1000 mA g-1. The considerably improved cycling performance provides useful insight for designing sulfur cathodes, that is, the incorporation of acidic 2D metal oxide nanosheets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)412-419
Number of pages8
JournalACS Energy Letters
Volume3
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 9

Fingerprint

Nanosheets
Titanium oxides
Sulfur
Cathodes
Polysulfides
Lithium
Acidity
Oxides
Life cycle
Dissolution
Metals
Lithium sulfur batteries
ferric oxide
titanium dioxide
Electrodes
polysulfide

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Patil, Sharad B. ; Kim, Hyeon Jin ; Lim, Hyung Kyu ; Oh, Seung Mi ; Kim, Jiheon ; Shin, Jaeho ; Kim, Hyungjun ; Choi, Jang Wook ; Hwang, Seong Ju. / Exfoliated 2D Lepidocrocite Titanium Oxide Nanosheets for High Sulfur Content Cathodes with Highly Stable Li-S Battery Performance. In: ACS Energy Letters. 2018 ; Vol. 3, No. 2. pp. 412-419.
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Exfoliated 2D Lepidocrocite Titanium Oxide Nanosheets for High Sulfur Content Cathodes with Highly Stable Li-S Battery Performance. / Patil, Sharad B.; Kim, Hyeon Jin; Lim, Hyung Kyu; Oh, Seung Mi; Kim, Jiheon; Shin, Jaeho; Kim, Hyungjun; Choi, Jang Wook; Hwang, Seong Ju.

In: ACS Energy Letters, Vol. 3, No. 2, 09.02.2018, p. 412-419.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Oh, Seung Mi

AU - Kim, Jiheon

AU - Shin, Jaeho

AU - Kim, Hyungjun

AU - Choi, Jang Wook

AU - Hwang, Seong Ju

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