Experimental analysis of unequal voltage distribution on a single YBCO coated conductor affected by inhomogeneous critical currents in liquid nitrogen and sub-cooled liquid nitrogen

Sung Yul Chu, Jae Young Jang, Sukjin Choi, Young Jae Kim, Ki Sung Chang, Tae Kuk Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To design a large scale superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) for power grids, a single long-length YBCO coated conductor (CC) wire is preferred. However this single YBCO CC wire can cause a problem of unequal voltage distribution between the parts on the long wire at quench by the faults. Inhomogeneous critical current of the YBCO CCs in the SFCL is a possibility. Furthermore, sub-cooled liquid nitrogen (LN2) condition is usually used to increase current capacity of the SFCL. However, this sub-cooled condition can worsen the inhomogeneity between the YBCO CCs. Therefore, it is important to understand the relation between the unequal voltage distribution and the inhomogeneous critical currents in the single long length YBCO CC. In this paper, experiments with the same single YBCO CC wire were conducted in various temperature conditions, LN2 and sub-cooled LN2. In both experiments, the critical currents and voltage distributions generated by faults at short-circuit tests were measured. It was observed that the inhomogeneous condition impacts on the unequal voltage distribution.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5669360
Pages (from-to)2992-2996
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Volume21
Issue number3 PART 3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Jun 1

Fingerprint

Critical currents
Superconducting fault current limiters
Liquid nitrogen
liquid nitrogen
critical current
conductors
wire
Wire
Electric potential
electric potential
short circuits
Short circuit currents
inhomogeneity
Experiments
grids
causes
Temperature
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Experimental analysis of unequal voltage distribution on a single YBCO coated conductor affected by inhomogeneous critical currents in liquid nitrogen and sub-cooled liquid nitrogen",
abstract = "To design a large scale superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) for power grids, a single long-length YBCO coated conductor (CC) wire is preferred. However this single YBCO CC wire can cause a problem of unequal voltage distribution between the parts on the long wire at quench by the faults. Inhomogeneous critical current of the YBCO CCs in the SFCL is a possibility. Furthermore, sub-cooled liquid nitrogen (LN2) condition is usually used to increase current capacity of the SFCL. However, this sub-cooled condition can worsen the inhomogeneity between the YBCO CCs. Therefore, it is important to understand the relation between the unequal voltage distribution and the inhomogeneous critical currents in the single long length YBCO CC. In this paper, experiments with the same single YBCO CC wire were conducted in various temperature conditions, LN2 and sub-cooled LN2. In both experiments, the critical currents and voltage distributions generated by faults at short-circuit tests were measured. It was observed that the inhomogeneous condition impacts on the unequal voltage distribution.",
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Experimental analysis of unequal voltage distribution on a single YBCO coated conductor affected by inhomogeneous critical currents in liquid nitrogen and sub-cooled liquid nitrogen. / Chu, Sung Yul; Jang, Jae Young; Choi, Sukjin; Kim, Young Jae; Chang, Ki Sung; Ko, Tae Kuk.

In: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, Vol. 21, No. 3 PART 3, 5669360, 01.06.2011, p. 2992-2996.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Chu, Sung Yul

AU - Jang, Jae Young

AU - Choi, Sukjin

AU - Kim, Young Jae

AU - Chang, Ki Sung

AU - Ko, Tae Kuk

PY - 2011/6/1

Y1 - 2011/6/1

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AB - To design a large scale superconducting fault current limiter (SFCL) for power grids, a single long-length YBCO coated conductor (CC) wire is preferred. However this single YBCO CC wire can cause a problem of unequal voltage distribution between the parts on the long wire at quench by the faults. Inhomogeneous critical current of the YBCO CCs in the SFCL is a possibility. Furthermore, sub-cooled liquid nitrogen (LN2) condition is usually used to increase current capacity of the SFCL. However, this sub-cooled condition can worsen the inhomogeneity between the YBCO CCs. Therefore, it is important to understand the relation between the unequal voltage distribution and the inhomogeneous critical currents in the single long length YBCO CC. In this paper, experiments with the same single YBCO CC wire were conducted in various temperature conditions, LN2 and sub-cooled LN2. In both experiments, the critical currents and voltage distributions generated by faults at short-circuit tests were measured. It was observed that the inhomogeneous condition impacts on the unequal voltage distribution.

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