Experimental and numerical investigation of vertical through-plate for concrete-filled steel tube column to H-beam connections

Hak Jong Chang, Jun Hee Kim, Insub Choi, Bora Gencturk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study is to evaluate the structural behavior of concrete-filled steel tube (CFT) column to H-beam connections with vertical through-plate through full-scale experiments and examine retrofit methods using the finite element method to improve the connection performance. For this purpose, monotonic loading tests were performed on three full-scale specimens with varying thickness of vertical through-plate. The experiments showed that the specimens suffer from a brittle failure due to the stress concentrations and residual stresses at the welds before the beams reach their plastic moment capacity. A series of sectional analyses were conducted to evaluate the effects of the thermally induced residual stresses due to welding and then the strain concentrations in the welded connection were estimated by comparing the experimental maximum strain and the analytical mean strain values. Based on these results, a retrofit model for reinforcing a stiff plate on the upper flange of the beam was proposed and analyzed to reduce the stress concentrations in the welded connection. The results showed that using the proposed retrofit approach, the stress concentration at the connection between the vertical through-plate and the top flange is reduced by 72%, and the strength of the connection is increased by 70%, which is 10% higher than the analytical plastic moment capacity of the beam.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1831
JournalStructural Design of Tall and Special Buildings
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Mar

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant (NRF‐2018R1A2B6006958) from the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Korean Ministry of Science and ICT (MSIT).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Building and Construction


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