Experimental study on soot oxidation characterization of Pt/CeO2 catalyst with NO and O2 using a flow reactor system

Changhoon Song, Jinwoo Jung, Soonho Song, Kwang Min Chun

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The oxidation of soot (carbon black) which is assisted by Pt/CeO 2 catalyst is studied using a flow reactor system simulating the condition of diesel exhaust. In this study, the temperature programmed oxidation (TPO) scheme is mainly used for different NO and O2 concentrations and soot oxidation rate is evaluated by monitoring both CO and CO2 concentrations. Pt/CeO2 catalyst lowers the temperature of the peak CO/CO2 concentrations significantly when there is either NO or O 2. Oxidation starts at 200°C and the peak CO2 concentration is observed at 360°C, which depends on the amount of catalyst and NO concentration. The effect of catalyst on NO2 recycling is also investigated. For this purpose, two different types of sample have been prepared. For the mixed case, 10mg of carbon black is mixed with 50mg of Pt/CeO2 catalyst under conditions of loose contact. For the unmixed case, the catalyst layer is placed on top of soot layer without mixing. In the mixed case compared to the unmixed one, the temperature for the peak CO/CO 2 concentrations is decreased from 400°C to 370°C and a significant increase of specific reaction rate is observed around 360°C. This result indicates that mixing soot and catalyst enhances NO-NO2 conversion which takes place a couple of times while the NO molecule passes through the sample mixture and supports the fact that the soot oxidation rate depends upon the amount of NO2 produced by NO-NO2 conversion.

Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1
EventSAE World Congress and Exhibition - Detroit, MI, United States
Duration: 2009 Apr 202009 Apr 20

Other

OtherSAE World Congress and Exhibition
CountryUnited States
CityDetroit, MI
Period09/4/2009/4/20

Fingerprint

Soot
Oxidation
Catalysts
Carbon black
Temperature
Reaction rates
Recycling
Molecules
Monitoring

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Song, Changhoon ; Jung, Jinwoo ; Song, Soonho ; Chun, Kwang Min. / Experimental study on soot oxidation characterization of Pt/CeO2 catalyst with NO and O2 using a flow reactor system. Paper presented at SAE World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States.
@conference{25f181623ab943b9a99c78ac39230f99,
title = "Experimental study on soot oxidation characterization of Pt/CeO2 catalyst with NO and O2 using a flow reactor system",
abstract = "The oxidation of soot (carbon black) which is assisted by Pt/CeO 2 catalyst is studied using a flow reactor system simulating the condition of diesel exhaust. In this study, the temperature programmed oxidation (TPO) scheme is mainly used for different NO and O2 concentrations and soot oxidation rate is evaluated by monitoring both CO and CO2 concentrations. Pt/CeO2 catalyst lowers the temperature of the peak CO/CO2 concentrations significantly when there is either NO or O 2. Oxidation starts at 200°C and the peak CO2 concentration is observed at 360°C, which depends on the amount of catalyst and NO concentration. The effect of catalyst on NO2 recycling is also investigated. For this purpose, two different types of sample have been prepared. For the mixed case, 10mg of carbon black is mixed with 50mg of Pt/CeO2 catalyst under conditions of loose contact. For the unmixed case, the catalyst layer is placed on top of soot layer without mixing. In the mixed case compared to the unmixed one, the temperature for the peak CO/CO 2 concentrations is decreased from 400°C to 370°C and a significant increase of specific reaction rate is observed around 360°C. This result indicates that mixing soot and catalyst enhances NO-NO2 conversion which takes place a couple of times while the NO molecule passes through the sample mixture and supports the fact that the soot oxidation rate depends upon the amount of NO2 produced by NO-NO2 conversion.",
author = "Changhoon Song and Jinwoo Jung and Soonho Song and Chun, {Kwang Min}",
year = "2009",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4271/2009-01-1475",
language = "English",
note = "SAE World Congress and Exhibition ; Conference date: 20-04-2009 Through 20-04-2009",

}

Song, C, Jung, J, Song, S & Chun, KM 2009, 'Experimental study on soot oxidation characterization of Pt/CeO2 catalyst with NO and O2 using a flow reactor system', Paper presented at SAE World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States, 09/4/20 - 09/4/20. https://doi.org/10.4271/2009-01-1475

Experimental study on soot oxidation characterization of Pt/CeO2 catalyst with NO and O2 using a flow reactor system. / Song, Changhoon; Jung, Jinwoo; Song, Soonho; Chun, Kwang Min.

2009. Paper presented at SAE World Congress and Exhibition, Detroit, MI, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Experimental study on soot oxidation characterization of Pt/CeO2 catalyst with NO and O2 using a flow reactor system

AU - Song, Changhoon

AU - Jung, Jinwoo

AU - Song, Soonho

AU - Chun, Kwang Min

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

N2 - The oxidation of soot (carbon black) which is assisted by Pt/CeO 2 catalyst is studied using a flow reactor system simulating the condition of diesel exhaust. In this study, the temperature programmed oxidation (TPO) scheme is mainly used for different NO and O2 concentrations and soot oxidation rate is evaluated by monitoring both CO and CO2 concentrations. Pt/CeO2 catalyst lowers the temperature of the peak CO/CO2 concentrations significantly when there is either NO or O 2. Oxidation starts at 200°C and the peak CO2 concentration is observed at 360°C, which depends on the amount of catalyst and NO concentration. The effect of catalyst on NO2 recycling is also investigated. For this purpose, two different types of sample have been prepared. For the mixed case, 10mg of carbon black is mixed with 50mg of Pt/CeO2 catalyst under conditions of loose contact. For the unmixed case, the catalyst layer is placed on top of soot layer without mixing. In the mixed case compared to the unmixed one, the temperature for the peak CO/CO 2 concentrations is decreased from 400°C to 370°C and a significant increase of specific reaction rate is observed around 360°C. This result indicates that mixing soot and catalyst enhances NO-NO2 conversion which takes place a couple of times while the NO molecule passes through the sample mixture and supports the fact that the soot oxidation rate depends upon the amount of NO2 produced by NO-NO2 conversion.

AB - The oxidation of soot (carbon black) which is assisted by Pt/CeO 2 catalyst is studied using a flow reactor system simulating the condition of diesel exhaust. In this study, the temperature programmed oxidation (TPO) scheme is mainly used for different NO and O2 concentrations and soot oxidation rate is evaluated by monitoring both CO and CO2 concentrations. Pt/CeO2 catalyst lowers the temperature of the peak CO/CO2 concentrations significantly when there is either NO or O 2. Oxidation starts at 200°C and the peak CO2 concentration is observed at 360°C, which depends on the amount of catalyst and NO concentration. The effect of catalyst on NO2 recycling is also investigated. For this purpose, two different types of sample have been prepared. For the mixed case, 10mg of carbon black is mixed with 50mg of Pt/CeO2 catalyst under conditions of loose contact. For the unmixed case, the catalyst layer is placed on top of soot layer without mixing. In the mixed case compared to the unmixed one, the temperature for the peak CO/CO 2 concentrations is decreased from 400°C to 370°C and a significant increase of specific reaction rate is observed around 360°C. This result indicates that mixing soot and catalyst enhances NO-NO2 conversion which takes place a couple of times while the NO molecule passes through the sample mixture and supports the fact that the soot oxidation rate depends upon the amount of NO2 produced by NO-NO2 conversion.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84870806106&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84870806106&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4271/2009-01-1475

DO - 10.4271/2009-01-1475

M3 - Paper

ER -