Experimental study on the oxidation of model gases-propylene, N-butane, acetylene at ambient temperature by non-thermal plasma and photocatalyst

Taek Heon Lee, Jin Woo Song, Kwang Min Chun, Bae Hyeock Chun, Younggy Shin

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Two features to facilitate chemical reactions at low temperature, non-thermal plasma and the weak dependency of photocatalyst on temperature, have been exploited by many researchers to effectively decompose hydrocarbon emissions emitted until the light-off of a three-way catalyst in spark ignition engines. To develop a realizable emissions reduction reactor, as part of such effort, this study investigates for the three model gases, propylene, n-butane and acetylene: 1) the conversion efficiency of the emissions reduction reactor, which utilizes the effect of dissociation, ionization-by-collision of the non-thermal plasma and the photocatalytic effect of TiO2, and 2) the concentrations of the products such as acetaldehyde, acetic acid, polymerized hydrocarbons and NO2. The operating parameters to obtain the plasma energy density ranging from 7.8 to 908 J/L were varied. When it comes to the plasma system, propylene, chemically the most active, showed the highest conversion efficiency in proportion to the energy density applied to the plasma system. The other two model gases showed relatively low but substantial conversion efficiency for the energy density above 190 J/L. Among photo-catalytic candidates, TiO2 supported on alumina processed by sol-gel technique was found to be most effective. The resulting conversion efficiency of Total HC reached up to 71% for the reference condition of 2117ppmC1 at 302 J/L

Original languageEnglish
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Dec 1
EventInternational Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition - San Antonio, TX, United States
Duration: 2001 Sep 242001 Sep 27

Other

OtherInternational Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition
CountryUnited States
CitySan Antonio, TX
Period01/9/2401/9/27

Fingerprint

Butane
Acetylene
Photocatalysts
Propylene
Conversion efficiency
Plasmas
Oxidation
Gases
Temperature
Hydrocarbons
Acetaldehyde
Internal combustion engines
Acetic acid
Ionization
Sol-gels
Chemical reactions
Alumina
Catalysts

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Pollution
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

Cite this

Lee, T. H., Song, J. W., Chun, K. M., Chun, B. H., & Shin, Y. (2001). Experimental study on the oxidation of model gases-propylene, N-butane, acetylene at ambient temperature by non-thermal plasma and photocatalyst. Paper presented at International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, San Antonio, TX, United States. https://doi.org/10.4271/2001-01-3514
Lee, Taek Heon ; Song, Jin Woo ; Chun, Kwang Min ; Chun, Bae Hyeock ; Shin, Younggy. / Experimental study on the oxidation of model gases-propylene, N-butane, acetylene at ambient temperature by non-thermal plasma and photocatalyst. Paper presented at International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, San Antonio, TX, United States.
@conference{c307c41815de44c6ba20dc4d3da6f7ff,
title = "Experimental study on the oxidation of model gases-propylene, N-butane, acetylene at ambient temperature by non-thermal plasma and photocatalyst",
abstract = "Two features to facilitate chemical reactions at low temperature, non-thermal plasma and the weak dependency of photocatalyst on temperature, have been exploited by many researchers to effectively decompose hydrocarbon emissions emitted until the light-off of a three-way catalyst in spark ignition engines. To develop a realizable emissions reduction reactor, as part of such effort, this study investigates for the three model gases, propylene, n-butane and acetylene: 1) the conversion efficiency of the emissions reduction reactor, which utilizes the effect of dissociation, ionization-by-collision of the non-thermal plasma and the photocatalytic effect of TiO2, and 2) the concentrations of the products such as acetaldehyde, acetic acid, polymerized hydrocarbons and NO2. The operating parameters to obtain the plasma energy density ranging from 7.8 to 908 J/L were varied. When it comes to the plasma system, propylene, chemically the most active, showed the highest conversion efficiency in proportion to the energy density applied to the plasma system. The other two model gases showed relatively low but substantial conversion efficiency for the energy density above 190 J/L. Among photo-catalytic candidates, TiO2 supported on alumina processed by sol-gel technique was found to be most effective. The resulting conversion efficiency of Total HC reached up to 71{\%} for the reference condition of 2117ppmC1 at 302 J/L",
author = "Lee, {Taek Heon} and Song, {Jin Woo} and Chun, {Kwang Min} and Chun, {Bae Hyeock} and Younggy Shin",
year = "2001",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.4271/2001-01-3514",
language = "English",
note = "International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition ; Conference date: 24-09-2001 Through 27-09-2001",

}

Lee, TH, Song, JW, Chun, KM, Chun, BH & Shin, Y 2001, 'Experimental study on the oxidation of model gases-propylene, N-butane, acetylene at ambient temperature by non-thermal plasma and photocatalyst', Paper presented at International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, San Antonio, TX, United States, 01/9/24 - 01/9/27. https://doi.org/10.4271/2001-01-3514

Experimental study on the oxidation of model gases-propylene, N-butane, acetylene at ambient temperature by non-thermal plasma and photocatalyst. / Lee, Taek Heon; Song, Jin Woo; Chun, Kwang Min; Chun, Bae Hyeock; Shin, Younggy.

2001. Paper presented at International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, San Antonio, TX, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

TY - CONF

T1 - Experimental study on the oxidation of model gases-propylene, N-butane, acetylene at ambient temperature by non-thermal plasma and photocatalyst

AU - Lee, Taek Heon

AU - Song, Jin Woo

AU - Chun, Kwang Min

AU - Chun, Bae Hyeock

AU - Shin, Younggy

PY - 2001/12/1

Y1 - 2001/12/1

N2 - Two features to facilitate chemical reactions at low temperature, non-thermal plasma and the weak dependency of photocatalyst on temperature, have been exploited by many researchers to effectively decompose hydrocarbon emissions emitted until the light-off of a three-way catalyst in spark ignition engines. To develop a realizable emissions reduction reactor, as part of such effort, this study investigates for the three model gases, propylene, n-butane and acetylene: 1) the conversion efficiency of the emissions reduction reactor, which utilizes the effect of dissociation, ionization-by-collision of the non-thermal plasma and the photocatalytic effect of TiO2, and 2) the concentrations of the products such as acetaldehyde, acetic acid, polymerized hydrocarbons and NO2. The operating parameters to obtain the plasma energy density ranging from 7.8 to 908 J/L were varied. When it comes to the plasma system, propylene, chemically the most active, showed the highest conversion efficiency in proportion to the energy density applied to the plasma system. The other two model gases showed relatively low but substantial conversion efficiency for the energy density above 190 J/L. Among photo-catalytic candidates, TiO2 supported on alumina processed by sol-gel technique was found to be most effective. The resulting conversion efficiency of Total HC reached up to 71% for the reference condition of 2117ppmC1 at 302 J/L

AB - Two features to facilitate chemical reactions at low temperature, non-thermal plasma and the weak dependency of photocatalyst on temperature, have been exploited by many researchers to effectively decompose hydrocarbon emissions emitted until the light-off of a three-way catalyst in spark ignition engines. To develop a realizable emissions reduction reactor, as part of such effort, this study investigates for the three model gases, propylene, n-butane and acetylene: 1) the conversion efficiency of the emissions reduction reactor, which utilizes the effect of dissociation, ionization-by-collision of the non-thermal plasma and the photocatalytic effect of TiO2, and 2) the concentrations of the products such as acetaldehyde, acetic acid, polymerized hydrocarbons and NO2. The operating parameters to obtain the plasma energy density ranging from 7.8 to 908 J/L were varied. When it comes to the plasma system, propylene, chemically the most active, showed the highest conversion efficiency in proportion to the energy density applied to the plasma system. The other two model gases showed relatively low but substantial conversion efficiency for the energy density above 190 J/L. Among photo-catalytic candidates, TiO2 supported on alumina processed by sol-gel technique was found to be most effective. The resulting conversion efficiency of Total HC reached up to 71% for the reference condition of 2117ppmC1 at 302 J/L

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84877568859&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84877568859&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.4271/2001-01-3514

DO - 10.4271/2001-01-3514

M3 - Paper

ER -

Lee TH, Song JW, Chun KM, Chun BH, Shin Y. Experimental study on the oxidation of model gases-propylene, N-butane, acetylene at ambient temperature by non-thermal plasma and photocatalyst. 2001. Paper presented at International Fall Fuels and Lubricants Meeting and Exposition, San Antonio, TX, United States. https://doi.org/10.4271/2001-01-3514