This study aims to measure ECG signals by the AgNW/PU nanoweb electrodes, and, to compare with signals measured by the conventional Ag/AgCl electrodes. Finally, to investigate the usage potential of the AgNW/PU nanoweb as ECG textile electrodes. The ECG textile electrodes were fabricated, using the polyurethane (PU) nanoweb (Pardam, s.r.o., Czech Republic) coated with 1 wt% of silver nanowires (AgNW) dispersed in ethanol (KLK Co., Korea). To measure the ECG signals, eight participants (Male:Female=1:1) were collected, and then, the signals were measured at rest-state and stress-state in anechoic chamber using Lead I method. From the measured ECG signals, heart rate (HR) and R-R intervals were acquired by using MP150 (Biopac system Inc., USA) and Acqknowledge (ver. 4.2, Biopac system Inc., USA), and then, analyzed by using Kubios HRV (ver. 2.0., Biosignal Analysis and Medical Imaging Group, Finland). To examine the morphology of the signals, direct visual evaluation was performed. Also, to statistically compare to the signals, Wilcoxon signed-rank test was conducted by using R statistical language and RStudio (1.0.143 ver., RStudio, Inc., USA). As a result, the ECG waveforms measured by the two different types of electrodes looked similar, especially, QRS-complex, P-wave and T-wave as well as R-peaks properly appeared. Also, there was not a significant difference of HR and RR-intervals measured by the two different types of electrodes. It demonstrated that the new AgNW/PU nanoweb electrodes could perform properly as ECG electrodes.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology (No. NRF-2016R1A2B4014668) and the Brain Korea 21 Plus Project of Dept. of Clothing and Textiles, Yonsei University in 2017.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Polymers and Plastics