Exploring consumer responses to a nationwide breast cancer awareness campaign: The case of the National Football League's Crucial Catch campaign

Dae Hee Kwak, Joon Sung Lee, Youngbum Kwon, Katherine Babiak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


During the month of October, the National Football League (NFL) activates a breast cancer awareness campaign - Crucial Catch - in which players, referees and coaches wear pink apparel and gear to promote its cause. Given that more than 17 million people in the USA watch a regular season game every week, this campaign reaches a broad audience. Using a representative sample of US adults (N = 600), this study examined differences in demographic variables (age, gender and race) and domain-specific personal variables (television viewership, cause involvement) on various campaign-related outcomes including cause-related outcomes (i.e., breast cancer perception and donation intentions to support the campaign) and organisation-related outcomes (i.e., perceived motives of the NFL, attitude toward the NFL and behaviour toward the NFL). Findings show how consumers' demographic, lifestyle and psychographic characteristics influence their responses to the campaign.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)208-232
Number of pages25
JournalInternational Journal of Sport Management and Marketing
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Marketing

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