Study Objective: To measure and compare levels of extremely-low-frequency magnetic field (ELF-MF) exposure to surgeons during laparoscopic and robotic gynecologic surgeries. Design: Prospective case-control study. Design Classification: Canadian Task Force I. Setting: Gynecologic surgeries at the Yonsei University Health System in Seoul, Korea from July to October in 2014. Patients: Ten laparoscopic gynecologic surgeries and 10 robotic gynecologic surgeries. Intervention: The intensity of ELF-MF exposure to surgeons was measured every 4 seconds during 10 laparoscopic gynecologic surgeries and 10 robotic gynecologic surgeries using portable ELF-MF measuring devices with logging capability. Measurement and Main Results: The mean ELF-MF exposures were .1 ± .1 mG for laparoscopic gynecologic surgeries and .3 ± .1 mG for robotic gynecologic surgeries. ELF-MF exposure levels to surgeons during robotic gynecologic surgery were significantly higher than those during laparoscopic gynecologic surgery (p < .001) after adjustment for duration of measurement. Conclusion: The present study demonstrated low levels of ELF-MF exposure to surgeons during robotic gynecologic surgery and conventional laparoscopic surgery, hoping to alleviate concerns regarding the hazards of MF exposure posed to surgeons and hospital staff.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology