Study Objective: To measure and compare levels of extremely-low-frequency magnetic field (ELF-MF) exposure to surgeons during laparoscopic and robotic gynecologic surgeries. Design: Prospective case-control study. Design Classification: Canadian Task Force I. Setting: Gynecologic surgeries at the Yonsei University Health System in Seoul, Korea from July to October in 2014. Patients: Ten laparoscopic gynecologic surgeries and 10 robotic gynecologic surgeries. Intervention: The intensity of ELF-MF exposure to surgeons was measured every 4 seconds during 10 laparoscopic gynecologic surgeries and 10 robotic gynecologic surgeries using portable ELF-MF measuring devices with logging capability. Measurement and Main Results: The mean ELF-MF exposures were .1 ± .1 mG for laparoscopic gynecologic surgeries and .3 ± .1 mG for robotic gynecologic surgeries. ELF-MF exposure levels to surgeons during robotic gynecologic surgery were significantly higher than those during laparoscopic gynecologic surgery (p < .001) after adjustment for duration of measurement. Conclusion: The present study demonstrated low levels of ELF-MF exposure to surgeons during robotic gynecologic surgery and conventional laparoscopic surgery, hoping to alleviate concerns regarding the hazards of MF exposure posed to surgeons and hospital staff.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by a grant from the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ( NRF-2010-0022374 ). The authors report no conflict of interest.
© 2015 AAGL.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Obstetrics and Gynaecology