Microsatellite instability (MSI) and frameshift mutations in the genes containing coding nucleotide repeats have been reported in a subset of gastric adenomas, however the inactivation profiles of DNA mismatch repair genes in MSI-positive gastric adenomas have not been characterized. To address the origin of MSI in gastric adenomas, expressions of hMLH1 and hMSH2 were explored in 86 gastric adenomas. Gastric carcinomas, of which 16 were MSI-positive and 22 MSI-negative, were used as controls. MSI was found in 15 (17%) of gastric adenomas. Absent or decreased hMLH1 expression by immunohistochemistry was noted in most of the MSI-positive adenomas (13/15, 87%) and carcinomas (14/16, 88%), and all of these tumours showed methylation of the hMLH1 gene promoter. In contrast, rare inactivation of hMLH1 expression was found in MSI-negative adenomas (3/71, 4%) and carcinomas (2/22, 9%). Intense expression of hMSH2 gene product was observed in most of the gastric adenomas and carcinomas regardless of MSI status. These findings indicate that the inactivation of hMLH1 gene expression by promoter methylation is an early event and might be the origin of MSI-positive gastric adenomas.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We are grateful for Haeryoung Kim and Juwon Kim for assistance in English. We also thank Dr Chung Mo Nam for statistical analysis. This work was supported by the 21C Frontier Functional Genomics (to YKP: Grant No. FG-1-4-01).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research