Expression of Lymphangiogenic Markers in Rejected Human Corneal Buttons after Penetrating Keratoplasty

Yuri Seo, Mee Kum Kim, Joon H. Lee, Eun Ju Chang, Eungkweon Kim, Hyung Keun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: To investigate the extent and distribution of lymphangiogenesis in the rejected corneal graft, we determined the expression of several lymphangiogenic markers in rejected human corneal buttons.Material and methods: Thirty-four corneal buttons were obtained from patients who underwent re-keratoplasty for graft rejection after penetrating keratoplasty. All corneas showed signs of rejection, such as, sudden mutton-fat keratic precipitates (KPs) or lines before re-keratoplasty. The corneas were halved, and one half was used for immunostaining and the other half was used for RT-PCR. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, LYVE-1 and podoplanin were measured as lymphangiogenic markers. Four non-operated normal corneas were used as controls.Results: Numerous podoplanin positive cells were found in the anterior and posterior stroma. However, LYVE-1 positive mature lymphatics were found only in herpetic keratitis (HK)-induced graft rejection, and not in pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK). RT-PCR showed that levels of VEGF-A, VEGF-C, VEGFR-2, and VEGFR-3 mRNAs were elevated in rejected corneal buttons versus the non-operated control corneas. Based upon the pre-keratoplasty pathologic conditions, HK cases showed higher levels of VEGF-A and VEGFR-2 than PBK. The mRNA ratios (keratoplastic cornea/normal cornea) for VEGF-A and VEGFR-2 were 8.9 and 5.8, respectively.Conclusions: The results suggested that the VEGF-A and the VEGFR-2 may be a more important pathway for lymphangiogenesis in rejected corneal grafts than the VEGFR-3. In addition, organized lymphangiogenesis is more prominent in HK than PBK.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)902-912
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Eye Research
Volume40
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Sep 2

Fingerprint

Penetrating Keratoplasty
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2
Cornea
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-3
Lymphangiogenesis
Herpetic Keratitis
Corneal Transplantation
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C
Graft Rejection
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor D
Transplants
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Messenger RNA
Fats

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

Cite this

Seo, Yuri ; Kim, Mee Kum ; Lee, Joon H. ; Chang, Eun Ju ; Kim, Eungkweon ; Lee, Hyung Keun. / Expression of Lymphangiogenic Markers in Rejected Human Corneal Buttons after Penetrating Keratoplasty. In: Current Eye Research. 2015 ; Vol. 40, No. 9. pp. 902-912.
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abstract = "Purpose: To investigate the extent and distribution of lymphangiogenesis in the rejected corneal graft, we determined the expression of several lymphangiogenic markers in rejected human corneal buttons.Material and methods: Thirty-four corneal buttons were obtained from patients who underwent re-keratoplasty for graft rejection after penetrating keratoplasty. All corneas showed signs of rejection, such as, sudden mutton-fat keratic precipitates (KPs) or lines before re-keratoplasty. The corneas were halved, and one half was used for immunostaining and the other half was used for RT-PCR. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, LYVE-1 and podoplanin were measured as lymphangiogenic markers. Four non-operated normal corneas were used as controls.Results: Numerous podoplanin positive cells were found in the anterior and posterior stroma. However, LYVE-1 positive mature lymphatics were found only in herpetic keratitis (HK)-induced graft rejection, and not in pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK). RT-PCR showed that levels of VEGF-A, VEGF-C, VEGFR-2, and VEGFR-3 mRNAs were elevated in rejected corneal buttons versus the non-operated control corneas. Based upon the pre-keratoplasty pathologic conditions, HK cases showed higher levels of VEGF-A and VEGFR-2 than PBK. The mRNA ratios (keratoplastic cornea/normal cornea) for VEGF-A and VEGFR-2 were 8.9 and 5.8, respectively.Conclusions: The results suggested that the VEGF-A and the VEGFR-2 may be a more important pathway for lymphangiogenesis in rejected corneal grafts than the VEGFR-3. In addition, organized lymphangiogenesis is more prominent in HK than PBK.",
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Expression of Lymphangiogenic Markers in Rejected Human Corneal Buttons after Penetrating Keratoplasty. / Seo, Yuri; Kim, Mee Kum; Lee, Joon H.; Chang, Eun Ju; Kim, Eungkweon; Lee, Hyung Keun.

In: Current Eye Research, Vol. 40, No. 9, 02.09.2015, p. 902-912.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kim, Mee Kum

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N2 - Purpose: To investigate the extent and distribution of lymphangiogenesis in the rejected corneal graft, we determined the expression of several lymphangiogenic markers in rejected human corneal buttons.Material and methods: Thirty-four corneal buttons were obtained from patients who underwent re-keratoplasty for graft rejection after penetrating keratoplasty. All corneas showed signs of rejection, such as, sudden mutton-fat keratic precipitates (KPs) or lines before re-keratoplasty. The corneas were halved, and one half was used for immunostaining and the other half was used for RT-PCR. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, LYVE-1 and podoplanin were measured as lymphangiogenic markers. Four non-operated normal corneas were used as controls.Results: Numerous podoplanin positive cells were found in the anterior and posterior stroma. However, LYVE-1 positive mature lymphatics were found only in herpetic keratitis (HK)-induced graft rejection, and not in pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK). RT-PCR showed that levels of VEGF-A, VEGF-C, VEGFR-2, and VEGFR-3 mRNAs were elevated in rejected corneal buttons versus the non-operated control corneas. Based upon the pre-keratoplasty pathologic conditions, HK cases showed higher levels of VEGF-A and VEGFR-2 than PBK. The mRNA ratios (keratoplastic cornea/normal cornea) for VEGF-A and VEGFR-2 were 8.9 and 5.8, respectively.Conclusions: The results suggested that the VEGF-A and the VEGFR-2 may be a more important pathway for lymphangiogenesis in rejected corneal grafts than the VEGFR-3. In addition, organized lymphangiogenesis is more prominent in HK than PBK.

AB - Purpose: To investigate the extent and distribution of lymphangiogenesis in the rejected corneal graft, we determined the expression of several lymphangiogenic markers in rejected human corneal buttons.Material and methods: Thirty-four corneal buttons were obtained from patients who underwent re-keratoplasty for graft rejection after penetrating keratoplasty. All corneas showed signs of rejection, such as, sudden mutton-fat keratic precipitates (KPs) or lines before re-keratoplasty. The corneas were halved, and one half was used for immunostaining and the other half was used for RT-PCR. Expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, VEGF-C, VEGF-D, VEGFR-2, VEGFR-3, LYVE-1 and podoplanin were measured as lymphangiogenic markers. Four non-operated normal corneas were used as controls.Results: Numerous podoplanin positive cells were found in the anterior and posterior stroma. However, LYVE-1 positive mature lymphatics were found only in herpetic keratitis (HK)-induced graft rejection, and not in pseudophakic bullous keratopathy (PBK). RT-PCR showed that levels of VEGF-A, VEGF-C, VEGFR-2, and VEGFR-3 mRNAs were elevated in rejected corneal buttons versus the non-operated control corneas. Based upon the pre-keratoplasty pathologic conditions, HK cases showed higher levels of VEGF-A and VEGFR-2 than PBK. The mRNA ratios (keratoplastic cornea/normal cornea) for VEGF-A and VEGFR-2 were 8.9 and 5.8, respectively.Conclusions: The results suggested that the VEGF-A and the VEGFR-2 may be a more important pathway for lymphangiogenesis in rejected corneal grafts than the VEGFR-3. In addition, organized lymphangiogenesis is more prominent in HK than PBK.

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