Tropomyosins derived from invertebrates are well-known pan allergens. However, the allergenicities of recombinant tropomyosins are variable. Here, we undertook to compare the IgE-binding reactivities of native and recombinant German cockroach tropomyosins. Native tropomyosin was purified by ammonium sulfate fractionation, hydroxyapatite column chromatography, and electroelution, and recombinant tropomyosin was expressed in Pichia pastoris. The allergenicities of the native and recombinant tropomyosins were compared by ELISA inhibition analysis. Native German cockroach tropomyosin showed 18% IgE-binding reactivity to German cockroach sensitized sera. Recombinant tropomyosin was produced without fusion protein and its N-terminus was blocked like that of the native counterpart. The IgE-binding reactivity of the recombinant was found to be comparable to that of native tropomyosin over the concentration range 1-1000ng/ml by ELISA inhibition testing. Recombinant German cockroach tropomyosin expressed in Pichia pastoris showed better allergenicity than that expressed in Escherichia coli. Other factors in addition to the structural differences of native and recombinant proteins may also influence the IgE reactivities of tropomyosins.
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