To elucidate the proteins related to the development and progress of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), we performed gene expression profile analysis of 14 ESCC tissues. We identified 182 genes that were commonly upregulated (p < 10-5) and 54 genes that were downregulated in ESCC tissues (p < 10-6). In order to validate the gene expression profiles, we did semiquantitative RT-PCR analysis and found 11 genes upregulated in greater than 70% of 19 tissue samples. We further examined the protein expression level and the distribution patterns of four genes: aurora kinase B (AURKB), periostin (POSTN), heat shock protein 47 (HSP47), and matrix metalloprotease1 (MMP1). Ultimately, three genes (AURKB, HSP47, POSTN) were verified to be increased at both the mRNA and protein levels. Among them, AURKB and HSP47 were found to increase in the early development stage of ESCC and POSTN might be considered to function in the cell-cell interactions between cancer cell and adjacent stromal cells. Accordingly, these studies may provide valuable information for the identification of the genes that are necessary to study further their functions. Moreover, these genes might be used as potential diagnostic or therapeutic target molecules for ESCC patients.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research