Extratelomeric functions of telomerase

Hee Kyoung Chung, Cheolho Cheong, Jaewhan Song, Han Woong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT), a catalytic subunit of telomerase, has been demonstrated to exert a reverse transcriptase function when combined with telomerase RNA component (TERC), the complex of which ensures the maintenance of telomere length in all eukaryotes. Telomerase also prevents cell death, and promotes survival in many types of cells, from various tissues or organs including neurons, muscle, and immune cells, as well as a variety of tumor cells. Recently, a new aspect of telomerase activity, independent of telomere lengthening, has emerged to explain its protective effects on cell survival. Consistent with this, TERT was found to enhance tumorigenesis, and to regulate the expression of genes that control cell growth, which cannot be explained by telomere stabilization per se. Furthermore, the observation that TERT resides not only in the nucleus, but also in the cytosol, reinforces the notion of possible telomere-independent functions. In this review, recent studies regarding the extratelomeric functions of TERT have been comprehensively summarized, and their implications discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-241
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Molecular Medicine
Volume5
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Telomerase
Telomere Homeostasis
Telomere
Cells
RNA-Directed DNA Polymerase
Cell growth
Cell death
Eukaryota
Cytosol
Muscle Cells
Neurons
Muscle
Tumors
Cell Survival
Carcinogenesis
Cell Death
Stabilization
Genes
Tissue
Gene Expression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Chung, Hee Kyoung ; Cheong, Cheolho ; Song, Jaewhan ; Lee, Han Woong. / Extratelomeric functions of telomerase. In: Current Molecular Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 5, No. 2. pp. 233-241.
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Extratelomeric functions of telomerase. / Chung, Hee Kyoung; Cheong, Cheolho; Song, Jaewhan; Lee, Han Woong.

In: Current Molecular Medicine, Vol. 5, No. 2, 01.03.2005, p. 233-241.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Chung, Hee Kyoung

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AU - Song, Jaewhan

AU - Lee, Han Woong

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N2 - Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT), a catalytic subunit of telomerase, has been demonstrated to exert a reverse transcriptase function when combined with telomerase RNA component (TERC), the complex of which ensures the maintenance of telomere length in all eukaryotes. Telomerase also prevents cell death, and promotes survival in many types of cells, from various tissues or organs including neurons, muscle, and immune cells, as well as a variety of tumor cells. Recently, a new aspect of telomerase activity, independent of telomere lengthening, has emerged to explain its protective effects on cell survival. Consistent with this, TERT was found to enhance tumorigenesis, and to regulate the expression of genes that control cell growth, which cannot be explained by telomere stabilization per se. Furthermore, the observation that TERT resides not only in the nucleus, but also in the cytosol, reinforces the notion of possible telomere-independent functions. In this review, recent studies regarding the extratelomeric functions of TERT have been comprehensively summarized, and their implications discussed.

AB - Telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT), a catalytic subunit of telomerase, has been demonstrated to exert a reverse transcriptase function when combined with telomerase RNA component (TERC), the complex of which ensures the maintenance of telomere length in all eukaryotes. Telomerase also prevents cell death, and promotes survival in many types of cells, from various tissues or organs including neurons, muscle, and immune cells, as well as a variety of tumor cells. Recently, a new aspect of telomerase activity, independent of telomere lengthening, has emerged to explain its protective effects on cell survival. Consistent with this, TERT was found to enhance tumorigenesis, and to regulate the expression of genes that control cell growth, which cannot be explained by telomere stabilization per se. Furthermore, the observation that TERT resides not only in the nucleus, but also in the cytosol, reinforces the notion of possible telomere-independent functions. In this review, recent studies regarding the extratelomeric functions of TERT have been comprehensively summarized, and their implications discussed.

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