Al2O3 nanoparticles-embedded single-crystalline Bi nanowires were successfully synthesized without using any templates via the spontaneous growth of Bi thin films covered with Al2O3 nanoparticles. It is experimentally confirmed that Al2O3 nanoparticles were embedded into the single-crystalline Bi nanowires by using the high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectrometry. The temperature-dependent thermal conductivities of individual Al2O3 nanoparticles-embedded single-crystalline Bi nanowires were measured directly using suspended micro-devices. The thermal conductivities of the Al2O3 nanoparticles-embedded Bi nanowires were found to be extremely low compared with those of pure Bi nanowires of similar diameters. Moreover, the thermal conductivity of the Al2O3 nanoparticles-embedded Bi nanowires was not size-dependent, i.e., it did not vary for nanowires with significantly different diameters. This result suggests that the phonon-boundary scattering is not the dominant phonon scattering mechanism in these systems while the phonon-boundary scattering is dominant in the pure single-crystalline nanowires. From the experimental measurements and theoretical calculation, these drastic reduction and unique tendency in the thermal conductivities of Al2O3 nanoparticles-embedded Bi nanowires were explained by the combined effect of the phonon-boundary scattering and impurity scattering occurring between the embedded Al2O3 nanoparticles and Bi matrix.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Government of Korea (MSIP) (2014R1A2A1A10053869).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Ceramics and Composites
- Polymers and Plastics
- Metals and Alloys