Fabrication and characterization of carbon nanofiber@mesoporous carbon core-shell composite for the Li-air battery

Myeong Jun Song, Moo Whan Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, we successfully design and synthesize the mesoporous carbon coated carbon nanofibers (CNF@mesoCs) for the Li-air battery. The composites are fabricated via electrospinning technique and nanocasting strategy. After mesoporous carbon coating process, the composites have retained their original one-dimensional structure as pristine carbon nanofibers. Every nanofiber entangles with each other to form a three-dimensional cross-linked web structure. Because of the mesoporous carbon coating on carbon nanofibers, the surface area increases from 708 m2 g-1 to 2194 m2 g-1. We confirm that the mesoporous carbon coated on carbon nanofibers is well-graphitized by analysis of Raman spectra. The graphitized surface of CNF@mesoCs (4.638 S cm-1) is believed to result in their higher electrical conductivity than that of pristine carbon nanofibers (3.0759 S cm-1). Without employment of any binders and metal foams, the cathode of CNF@mesoCs exhibits high discharge capacity of 4000 mA h g-1, which is much higher than that from pristine carbon nanofibers (2750 mA h g-1). This work demonstrates that the fabricated CNF@mesoCs structures have a great potential to be employed as light-weight and efficient electrode for energy storage and conversion devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-440
Number of pages6
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume320
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Carbon nanofibers
Carbon
Fabrication
Composite materials
Air
Coatings
Electrospinning
Nanofibers
Energy conversion
Energy storage
Binders
Foams
Raman scattering
Cathodes
Metals
Electrodes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

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abstract = "In this study, we successfully design and synthesize the mesoporous carbon coated carbon nanofibers (CNF@mesoCs) for the Li-air battery. The composites are fabricated via electrospinning technique and nanocasting strategy. After mesoporous carbon coating process, the composites have retained their original one-dimensional structure as pristine carbon nanofibers. Every nanofiber entangles with each other to form a three-dimensional cross-linked web structure. Because of the mesoporous carbon coating on carbon nanofibers, the surface area increases from 708 m2 g-1 to 2194 m2 g-1. We confirm that the mesoporous carbon coated on carbon nanofibers is well-graphitized by analysis of Raman spectra. The graphitized surface of CNF@mesoCs (4.638 S cm-1) is believed to result in their higher electrical conductivity than that of pristine carbon nanofibers (3.0759 S cm-1). Without employment of any binders and metal foams, the cathode of CNF@mesoCs exhibits high discharge capacity of 4000 mA h g-1, which is much higher than that from pristine carbon nanofibers (2750 mA h g-1). This work demonstrates that the fabricated CNF@mesoCs structures have a great potential to be employed as light-weight and efficient electrode for energy storage and conversion devices.",
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Fabrication and characterization of carbon nanofiber@mesoporous carbon core-shell composite for the Li-air battery. / Song, Myeong Jun; Shin, Moo Whan.

In: Applied Surface Science, Vol. 320, 01.01.2014, p. 435-440.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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