Fabrication of dense and defect-free diffusion barrier layer via constrained sintering for solid oxide fuel cells

Sung Il Lee, Mansoo Park, Jongsup Hong, Hyoungchul Kim, Ji Won Son, Jong Ho Lee, Byung Kook Kim, Hae Weon Lee, Kyung Joong Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


To enable the development of next-generation solid oxide fuel cells (SOFCs), the fabrication of dense and defect-free diffusion barrier layers via constrained sintering has been a significant challenge. Here, we present a double layer technique that enables complete densification of a defect-free gadolinia-doped ceria diffusion barrier layer. In this approach, top and bottom layers were individually designed to perform unique functions based on systematic analysis of constrained sintering. The top layer, which contains 1 wt% CuO as a sintering aid, provides sufficient sintering driving force via liquid-phase sintering to allow complete densification of the film, while the bottom layer without a sintering aid prevents detrimental chemical reactions and regulates the global sintering rate to eliminate macro-defects. Such fabrication of dense diffusion barrier layers via a standard ceramic processing route would allow the use of novel cathode materials in practical SOFC manufacturing. Furthermore, the strategy presented in this study could be exploited in various multi-layer ceramic applications involving constrained sintering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3219-3223
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the European Ceramic Society
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was financially supported by the institutional research program of the Korea Institute of Science and Technology (KIST) and the Energy Technology Development Program of the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) granted financial resource from the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy, Republic of Korea (No. 20153010031940).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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