Fabrication of highly luminescent and concentrated quantum dot/poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposites by matrix-free methods

Cheolsang Yoon, Hyo Jun Kim, Myeong Hoon Kim, Kyusoon Shin, Young-Joo Kim, Kangtaek Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present matrix-free methods for fabricating highly luminescent and transparent CdSe/ZnS quantum dot (QD)/polymer nanocomposites utilizing poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-grafted QDs with various molecular weights. We found that the QD-PMMA nanocomposites prepared by these matrix-free methods were superior to those prepared by a simple blending method in relation to their optical property, QD dispersion, and quantum efficiency (QE). In particular, a matrix-free nanocomposite containing PMMA with a molecular weight of 2000 had the highest QE (52.8%) and transmittance of all the samples studied even at a very high QD concentration (49 wt%). This finding was attributed to the enhanced passivation of the QD surface due to the higher grafting density of the PMMA ligands and reduced energy transfer due to more uniform dispersion of QDs. Finally, we applied the nanocomposites to LED devices, and found that the matrix-free nanocomposite exhibited a higher color conversion efficiency and smaller redshift in the peak emission wavelength than that prepared using a simple blending method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number405203
JournalNanotechnology
Volume28
Issue number40
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Sep 11

Fingerprint

Polymethyl Methacrylate
Polymethyl methacrylates
Semiconductor quantum dots
Nanocomposites
Fabrication
Polymers
Quantum efficiency
Molecular weight
Passivation
Energy transfer
Conversion efficiency
Light emitting diodes
Optical properties
Ligands
Color
Wavelength

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

@article{9d46865d596546bb885eb164c5e91475,
title = "Fabrication of highly luminescent and concentrated quantum dot/poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposites by matrix-free methods",
abstract = "We present matrix-free methods for fabricating highly luminescent and transparent CdSe/ZnS quantum dot (QD)/polymer nanocomposites utilizing poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-grafted QDs with various molecular weights. We found that the QD-PMMA nanocomposites prepared by these matrix-free methods were superior to those prepared by a simple blending method in relation to their optical property, QD dispersion, and quantum efficiency (QE). In particular, a matrix-free nanocomposite containing PMMA with a molecular weight of 2000 had the highest QE (52.8{\%}) and transmittance of all the samples studied even at a very high QD concentration (49 wt{\%}). This finding was attributed to the enhanced passivation of the QD surface due to the higher grafting density of the PMMA ligands and reduced energy transfer due to more uniform dispersion of QDs. Finally, we applied the nanocomposites to LED devices, and found that the matrix-free nanocomposite exhibited a higher color conversion efficiency and smaller redshift in the peak emission wavelength than that prepared using a simple blending method.",
author = "Cheolsang Yoon and Kim, {Hyo Jun} and Kim, {Myeong Hoon} and Kyusoon Shin and Young-Joo Kim and Kangtaek Lee",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
day = "11",
doi = "10.1088/1361-6528/aa8610",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
journal = "Nanotechnology",
issn = "0957-4484",
publisher = "IOP Publishing Ltd.",
number = "40",

}

Fabrication of highly luminescent and concentrated quantum dot/poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposites by matrix-free methods. / Yoon, Cheolsang; Kim, Hyo Jun; Kim, Myeong Hoon; Shin, Kyusoon; Kim, Young-Joo; Lee, Kangtaek.

In: Nanotechnology, Vol. 28, No. 40, 405203, 11.09.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fabrication of highly luminescent and concentrated quantum dot/poly(methyl methacrylate) nanocomposites by matrix-free methods

AU - Yoon, Cheolsang

AU - Kim, Hyo Jun

AU - Kim, Myeong Hoon

AU - Shin, Kyusoon

AU - Kim, Young-Joo

AU - Lee, Kangtaek

PY - 2017/9/11

Y1 - 2017/9/11

N2 - We present matrix-free methods for fabricating highly luminescent and transparent CdSe/ZnS quantum dot (QD)/polymer nanocomposites utilizing poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-grafted QDs with various molecular weights. We found that the QD-PMMA nanocomposites prepared by these matrix-free methods were superior to those prepared by a simple blending method in relation to their optical property, QD dispersion, and quantum efficiency (QE). In particular, a matrix-free nanocomposite containing PMMA with a molecular weight of 2000 had the highest QE (52.8%) and transmittance of all the samples studied even at a very high QD concentration (49 wt%). This finding was attributed to the enhanced passivation of the QD surface due to the higher grafting density of the PMMA ligands and reduced energy transfer due to more uniform dispersion of QDs. Finally, we applied the nanocomposites to LED devices, and found that the matrix-free nanocomposite exhibited a higher color conversion efficiency and smaller redshift in the peak emission wavelength than that prepared using a simple blending method.

AB - We present matrix-free methods for fabricating highly luminescent and transparent CdSe/ZnS quantum dot (QD)/polymer nanocomposites utilizing poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)-grafted QDs with various molecular weights. We found that the QD-PMMA nanocomposites prepared by these matrix-free methods were superior to those prepared by a simple blending method in relation to their optical property, QD dispersion, and quantum efficiency (QE). In particular, a matrix-free nanocomposite containing PMMA with a molecular weight of 2000 had the highest QE (52.8%) and transmittance of all the samples studied even at a very high QD concentration (49 wt%). This finding was attributed to the enhanced passivation of the QD surface due to the higher grafting density of the PMMA ligands and reduced energy transfer due to more uniform dispersion of QDs. Finally, we applied the nanocomposites to LED devices, and found that the matrix-free nanocomposite exhibited a higher color conversion efficiency and smaller redshift in the peak emission wavelength than that prepared using a simple blending method.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85029534720&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85029534720&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1088/1361-6528/aa8610

DO - 10.1088/1361-6528/aa8610

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85029534720

VL - 28

JO - Nanotechnology

JF - Nanotechnology

SN - 0957-4484

IS - 40

M1 - 405203

ER -