We suggest a simple process to fabricate a hole-patterned TiO2 electrode for a solid-state dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) to enhance cell performance through interfacial properties of the electrode with the electrolyte with minimum dye loading. The method involves prepatterning of SU-8 photoresist on a conducting glass, followed by the deposition of a nanocrystalline TiO 2 layer, calcination at 450 °C and characterization using scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Hole-patterned TiO2 photoelectrodes yielded better solar energy conversion efficiency per dye loading compared to a conventional non-patterned photoelectrode. For example, a 50 μm hole-patterned DSSC exhibited 4.50% conversion efficiency in the solid state, which is comparable to an unpatterned flat TiO2 photoelectrode (4.57%) however the efficiency per dye loading of the former (0.986%/g) was much greater than that of the latter (0.898%/g). The improvement was attributed to improved transmittance through the electrode as well as better interfacial properties between the electrolyte and electrode, as confirmed by UV-visible spectroscopy and electrochemical impedance (EIS) analysis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)