Fabrication of hollow activated carbon nanofibers (HACNFs) containing manganese oxide catalyst for toluene removal via two-step process of electrospinning and thermal treatment

Sangmo Kang, Jungho Hwang

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2 Citations (Scopus)


The development of an effective adsorbent for volatile organic compounds has been pursued in recent years, and diverse porous materials have been identified as promising candidates. However, most of the porous adsorbents have a limitation: the removal efficiency decreases at high temperatures. In this study, electrospun double-layer polymethyl methacrylate/manganese acetate (core), polyacrylonitrile (shell)-based nanofibers (NFs) are carbonized and CO2-activated to produce Mn3O4 nanoparticles embedded in hollow activated carbon NFs (Mn3O4/HACNFs). Owing to their hollow structure, the Mn3O4/HACNFs exhibit a great ability to adsorb toluene, with a longer breakthrough time of toluene adsorption than conventional activated carbon NFs. At 280 °C, the Mn3O4/HACNFs achieve catalytic oxidation of toluene (conversion to CO2 = 99% ± 0.5). Furthermore, when tested under alternating-temperature conditions (260 and 280 °C) for 4 h, the Mn3O4/HACNFs exhibit no degradation of the catalytic activity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number122315
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Jan 1


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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