A novel self-assembly strategy for the formation of multicomponent and multicompartment vesicles via the hierarchical assembly of the cyclic peptide and lipid building blocks is reported. The primary driving force underlying the formation of dual-component (i.e., peptide and lipid) heteromultivesicular vesicles (hMVVs) is the differential thermostability between the supramolecular building blocks. Furthermore, the combination of the differential thermostability and charge-based separation further enables the fabrication of the hMVVs that incorporate up to four different components (i.e., two different building blocks and two different encapsulated molecules). The quadruple-component hMVVs consist of cyclic peptides, lipids, negatively charged green fluorescent probes (GFPr), and positively charged red fluorescent probes (RFPr). Intracellular delivery study shows that cellular localization of hMVVs is directed by the function of hMVV envelopes, and the nuclear localization signal (NLS) of peptide vesicles appears to use different cellular pathways depending on the site of action (i.e., extracellular space or cytoplasm). This study provides the hierarchical peptide-based hMVVs with sophisticated architectures and cell delivery characteristics, thus making a step toward artificial cells or viruses.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry