Fabrication of ordered bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic cells using nanopatterning and electrohydrodynamic spray deposition methods

Sung Eun Park, Sehwan Kim, Kangmin Kim, Hang Eun Joe, Buyoung Jung, Eunkyoung Kim, Woochul Kim, Byung Kwon Min, Jungho Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Organic photovoltaic cells with an ordered heterojunction (OHJ) active layer are expected to show increased performance. In the study described here, OHJ cells were fabricated using a combination of nanoimprinting and electrohydrodynamic (EHD) spray deposition methods. After an electron donor material was nanoimprinted with a PDMS stamp (valley width: 230 nm, period: 590 nm) duplicated from a Si nanomold, an electron acceptor material was deposited onto the nanoimprinted donor layer using an EHD spray deposition method. The donor-acceptor interface layer was observed by obtaining cross-sectional images with a focused ion beam (FIB) microscope. The photocurrent generation performance of the OHJ cells was evaluated with the current density-voltage curve under air mass (AM) 1.5 conditions. It was found that the surface morphology of the electron acceptor layer affected the current and voltage outputs of the photovoltaic cells. When an electron acceptor layer with a smooth thin (250 nm above the valley of the electron donor layer) surface morphology was obtained, power conversion efficiency was as high as 0.55%. The electrohydrodynamic spray deposition method used to produce OHJ photovoltaic cells provides a means for the adoption of large area, high throughput processes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7773-7779
Number of pages7
JournalNanoscale
Volume4
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jan 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)

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