Fabrication of refractive and diffractive plastic micro-optical components using micro-compression molding

Su Dong Moon, Suho Ahn, Shinill Kang, Doosun Choi, Tae Jin Je

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As the demand of the micro-optics in the field of optical data storage, optical communication, and digital display has been increased, it has become important to establish fabrication technology for plastic micro-optics, which have advantage mainly in manufacturing cost. Micromolding methods such as micro-injection molding and micro-compression molding are most suitable for mass production of plastic micro-optics with low cost. In the present study, plastic micro-optical components, such as refractive microlenses and diffractive optical elements(DOEs) with various grating patterns, were fabricated using micro-compression molding process. The mold inserts were made by ultraprecision mechanical machining, and silicon etching. A micro compression molding system was designed and developed. Polymer films and powders were used as molded materials. Various defects found during molding were analyzed, and the process was optimized experimentally by controlling the governing process parameters such as histories of mold temperature and compression pressure. Micro lenses of hemispherical shape with 153 μm radius of curvature were fabricated. The blazed and 4 stepped diffractive optical elements with 24 μm pitch and 5 μm depth were also fabricated. Optical and geometrical properties of plastic molded parts were measured by interferometric technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-147
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume4592
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Microoptics
Molding
Compression molding
Micro-optics
Diffractive optical elements
Plastics
Fabrication
plastics
Compression
Diffractive Optical Elements
fabrication
optics
Microlenses
Optical data storage
Plastic parts
Die casting inserts
Diffraction gratings
Silicon
Optical communication
Optical Storage

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "As the demand of the micro-optics in the field of optical data storage, optical communication, and digital display has been increased, it has become important to establish fabrication technology for plastic micro-optics, which have advantage mainly in manufacturing cost. Micromolding methods such as micro-injection molding and micro-compression molding are most suitable for mass production of plastic micro-optics with low cost. In the present study, plastic micro-optical components, such as refractive microlenses and diffractive optical elements(DOEs) with various grating patterns, were fabricated using micro-compression molding process. The mold inserts were made by ultraprecision mechanical machining, and silicon etching. A micro compression molding system was designed and developed. Polymer films and powders were used as molded materials. Various defects found during molding were analyzed, and the process was optimized experimentally by controlling the governing process parameters such as histories of mold temperature and compression pressure. Micro lenses of hemispherical shape with 153 μm radius of curvature were fabricated. The blazed and 4 stepped diffractive optical elements with 24 μm pitch and 5 μm depth were also fabricated. Optical and geometrical properties of plastic molded parts were measured by interferometric technique.",
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Fabrication of refractive and diffractive plastic micro-optical components using micro-compression molding. / Moon, Su Dong; Ahn, Suho; Kang, Shinill; Choi, Doosun; Je, Tae Jin.

In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 4592, 01.01.2001, p. 140-147.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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