Fabrication of surface-patterned membranes by means of a ZnO nanorod templating method for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel-cell applications

Won Seok Chi, Yukwon Jeon, Se Jun Park, Jong Hak Kim, Yong Gun Shul

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Surface-patterned Nafion films were prepared by using different types of ZnO nanorods as templates for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel-cell (PEMFC) applications. Varying the concentrations of the Zn precursor produced ZnO nanorods with different diameters and pore sizes in the Nafion films. The surface-tuned structure of the films improved fuel-cell performance owing to effective Pt loading on the membranes through an enhancement in surface area. Also, the interconnected morphology resulted in a reduction in charge-transfer resistance at the interface between the electrode and membrane. The optimum surface-patterned Nafion film recorded a current density of 1.19 A cm -2 at 0.6 V and a maximum power density of 0.95 W cm-2. These values are much higher than those of non-patterned Nafion (0.85 A cm -2 and 0.59 W cm-2, respectively). We expect that the patterning process using ZnO nanorod templates will improve the performance of any electrochemical device by allowing for the tuning of the interfacial resistance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1109-1115
Number of pages7
JournalChemPlusChem
Volume79
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug

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Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Nanorods
Membranes
Fabrication
Pore size
Charge transfer
Fuel cells
Current density
Tuning
Electrodes
perfluorosulfonic acid

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "Surface-patterned Nafion films were prepared by using different types of ZnO nanorods as templates for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel-cell (PEMFC) applications. Varying the concentrations of the Zn precursor produced ZnO nanorods with different diameters and pore sizes in the Nafion films. The surface-tuned structure of the films improved fuel-cell performance owing to effective Pt loading on the membranes through an enhancement in surface area. Also, the interconnected morphology resulted in a reduction in charge-transfer resistance at the interface between the electrode and membrane. The optimum surface-patterned Nafion film recorded a current density of 1.19 A cm -2 at 0.6 V and a maximum power density of 0.95 W cm-2. These values are much higher than those of non-patterned Nafion (0.85 A cm -2 and 0.59 W cm-2, respectively). We expect that the patterning process using ZnO nanorod templates will improve the performance of any electrochemical device by allowing for the tuning of the interfacial resistance.",
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Fabrication of surface-patterned membranes by means of a ZnO nanorod templating method for polymer electrolyte membrane fuel-cell applications. / Chi, Won Seok; Jeon, Yukwon; Park, Se Jun; Kim, Jong Hak; Shul, Yong Gun.

In: ChemPlusChem, Vol. 79, No. 8, 08.2014, p. 1109-1115.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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