Fabrication of ZnO homojunction-based color-switchable bidirectional LEDs by using a hydrothermal growth method

Sung Doo Baek, Yoann Porte, Yun Cheol Kim, Jae Min Myoung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, zinc oxide (ZnO) homojunction-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs), with variable emission wavelengths depending on the bias polarity, have been fabricated using a simple hydrothermal growth method. The p-type doping of ZnO nanorods (NRs) was achieved using Sb in the precursor solution and the homojunction was fabricated by epitaxial growth of Sb-doped p-type ZnO NRs on top of n-type ZnO NRs. The fabricated devices emitted light under forward and reverse bias with a turn-on voltage of 2.7 V and a breakdown voltage of -3.7 V. The emission wavelength of the devices was dependent on the bias polarity, owing to changes in the types of carrier recombinations. Under forward bias, mixed violet, yellow, and red colored emissions were mainly observed, corresponding to the emission peaks at 475, 625 and 700 nm, respectively, whereas only red colored emission was prominent under the reverse bias, corresponding to a single broad peak centered at 730 nm. Under forward bias, the near-band edge emission (NBE) was red-shifted from 378 to 475 nm, which was attributed to a localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect due to the presence of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) formed after annealing of the Ag top electrode. No NBE was observed under reverse bias owing to carrier recombination with existing defects, leading to discordance in the resonance energy with the Ag NPs, and thus no LSPR effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9479-9487
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Volume5
Issue number36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 1

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Zinc Oxide
Zinc oxide
Light emitting diodes
Nanorods
Color
Fabrication
Surface plasmon resonance
Wavelength
Electric breakdown
Silver
Epitaxial growth
Doping (additives)
Annealing
Nanoparticles
Defects
Electrodes
Electric potential

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Fabrication of ZnO homojunction-based color-switchable bidirectional LEDs by using a hydrothermal growth method",
abstract = "In this study, zinc oxide (ZnO) homojunction-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs), with variable emission wavelengths depending on the bias polarity, have been fabricated using a simple hydrothermal growth method. The p-type doping of ZnO nanorods (NRs) was achieved using Sb in the precursor solution and the homojunction was fabricated by epitaxial growth of Sb-doped p-type ZnO NRs on top of n-type ZnO NRs. The fabricated devices emitted light under forward and reverse bias with a turn-on voltage of 2.7 V and a breakdown voltage of -3.7 V. The emission wavelength of the devices was dependent on the bias polarity, owing to changes in the types of carrier recombinations. Under forward bias, mixed violet, yellow, and red colored emissions were mainly observed, corresponding to the emission peaks at 475, 625 and 700 nm, respectively, whereas only red colored emission was prominent under the reverse bias, corresponding to a single broad peak centered at 730 nm. Under forward bias, the near-band edge emission (NBE) was red-shifted from 378 to 475 nm, which was attributed to a localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect due to the presence of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) formed after annealing of the Ag top electrode. No NBE was observed under reverse bias owing to carrier recombination with existing defects, leading to discordance in the resonance energy with the Ag NPs, and thus no LSPR effect.",
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Fabrication of ZnO homojunction-based color-switchable bidirectional LEDs by using a hydrothermal growth method. / Baek, Sung Doo; Porte, Yoann; Kim, Yun Cheol; Myoung, Jae Min.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry C, Vol. 5, No. 36, 01.01.2017, p. 9479-9487.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Baek, Sung Doo

AU - Porte, Yoann

AU - Kim, Yun Cheol

AU - Myoung, Jae Min

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AB - In this study, zinc oxide (ZnO) homojunction-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs), with variable emission wavelengths depending on the bias polarity, have been fabricated using a simple hydrothermal growth method. The p-type doping of ZnO nanorods (NRs) was achieved using Sb in the precursor solution and the homojunction was fabricated by epitaxial growth of Sb-doped p-type ZnO NRs on top of n-type ZnO NRs. The fabricated devices emitted light under forward and reverse bias with a turn-on voltage of 2.7 V and a breakdown voltage of -3.7 V. The emission wavelength of the devices was dependent on the bias polarity, owing to changes in the types of carrier recombinations. Under forward bias, mixed violet, yellow, and red colored emissions were mainly observed, corresponding to the emission peaks at 475, 625 and 700 nm, respectively, whereas only red colored emission was prominent under the reverse bias, corresponding to a single broad peak centered at 730 nm. Under forward bias, the near-band edge emission (NBE) was red-shifted from 378 to 475 nm, which was attributed to a localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) effect due to the presence of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) formed after annealing of the Ag top electrode. No NBE was observed under reverse bias owing to carrier recombination with existing defects, leading to discordance in the resonance energy with the Ag NPs, and thus no LSPR effect.

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