ZnO nanostructures were grown on silicon, porous silicon, ZnO/Si and AlN/Si substrates by low-temperature aqueous synthesis method. The shape of nanostructures greatly depends on the underlying surface. Scattered ZnO nanorods were observed on silicon substrate, whereas aligned ZnO nanowires were obtained by introducing sputtered ZnO film as a seed layer. Furthermore, both the combination of nanorods and the bunch of nanowires were found on porous silicon substrates, whereas platelet-like morphology was observed on AlN/Si substrates. XRD patterns suggest the crystalline nature of aqueous-grown ZnO nanostructures and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy images confirm the single-crystalline growth of the ZnO nanorods along [0 0 1] direction. Room-temperature photoluminescence characterization clearly shows a band-edge luminescence along with a visible luminescence in the yellow spectral range.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films