Facile and low-cost production of Lantana camara stalk-derived porous carbon nanostructures with excellent supercapacitance and adsorption performance

Sivarasan Ganesan, Muthusankar Eswaran, Bavatharani Chokkiah, Ragupathy Dhanusuraman, Arul Pragasan Lingassamy, Vinoth Kumar Ponnusamy, Gopalakrishnan Kumar, Arivalagan Pugazhendhi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In this study, we report a novel biomass-derived porous carbon nanostructures (BD-PCNSs) obtained from Lantana camara stem (LAC) using a simple and low-cost preparation method. LAC biomass was processed with a temperature-controlled hydrothermal precarbonization cum pyrolysis technique and followed by alkaline surface activation to achieve BD-PCNSs. The physicochemical properties for the obtained BD-PCNSs material were confirmed using X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, nitrogen sorption isotherms, and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. As-prepared BD-PCNSs exhibited excellent performances toward supercapacitance and wastewater treatment. BD-PCNSs showed high-specific capacitance ~146 Fg−1 in the aqueous electrolyte with excellent coulombic efficiency, and cyclic retention affirms its green energy storage device fabrication. Also, maximum adsorption capacity (106.4 mg g−1) was achieved for the efficient removal of ibuprofen from wastewater and proven as a promising eco-friendly, and low-cost absorbent material claim its practical applications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research work was supported financially by the grant MOST107‐2113‐M‐037‐007‐MY2 from Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan and also supported by the Research Center for Environmental Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan from “The Featured Areas Research Center Program within the framework of the Higher Education Sprout Project” by the Ministry of Education (MOE) in Taiwan. The authors also thank the National Sun Yat‐Sen University and Kaohsiung Medical University (NSYSU‐KMU) for the bilateral research grant. The authors gratefully acknowledge the use of ESCA/XPS (operator: Jui‐Chin Lee), TEM, HR‐SEM, and XRD equipments provided by the Instrument Center of National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan. The authors gratefully acknowledge the support from the Science and Engineering Research Board EEQ/2018/000574, New Delhi, India. The authors acknowledge the necessary research support from the National Institute of Technology Puducherry, Karaikal, India.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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