Battery type electrodes would replace the currently available pseudocapacitive electrodes by the cause of high energy density and long discharge time. In this regard, battery type carbon coated CoFe2O4 spherical nanoparticles is prepared by the facile hydrothermal method and tested as the possible negative electrode for supercapattery applications. The phase purity, electronic states of elements, and the presence of carbon is inferred through various sophisticated techniques. The calculated surface area of CoFe2O4 and carbon coated CoFe2O4 are found to be 9 and 26 m2 g−1, respectively. The morphological analysis confirms the formation of uniform CoFe2O4 nanospheres (∼25 nm) with a thin layer of carbon coating (∼2 nm). The amorphous carbon coating over CoFe2O4 nanosphere is identified via high-resolution transmission electron microscope. The observed peak and plateau regions in the cyclic voltammogram and galvanostatic charge/discharge curves reveals the battery-type charge storage behaviour of the material. The carbon coated CoFe2O4 delivers the maximum length capacitance of 9.9 F m−1 at 1 mV s−1 with a useful lifespan over 5000 cycles. The electrochemical impedance spectroscopy reveals that the carbon-coated CoFe2O4 delivers the low charge transfer resistance than CoFe2O4. Further, the fabricated supercapattery provides the energy density of 160 × 10−8 Wh cm−1 at a power density of 67.2 μW cm−1. As well as, the device shows 93% of coulombic efficiency and 75% of the specific capacitance retention over 11,000 cycles. Overall, it is believed that the carbon-coated CoFe2O4 can serve as a good candidate for flexible supercapatteries.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors (R.K. Selvan) would like to thank Department of Science and Technology (DST-SERB), Government of India , for providing financial support (SR/FTP/PS-80/2009) under the ‘‘Fast Track Young Scientist’’ scheme.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry