We report a facile method for synthesizing hollow mesoporous zinc silicate nanoparticles. By reacting tetraethoxysilane, zinc acetate, cetyltrimethylammonium chloride, and a tri-block copolymer (F127) in water at 80 °C for 3 h and calcining the resulting product, nanoparticles with a core-double shell structure were obtained. Various characterization techniques showed that the as-synthesized nanoparticles have a hollow core, mesoporous zinc silicate inner shell, and mesoporous silica outer shell. By dissolving the zinc oxide phase in the inner shell with a citrate buffer, hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles were obtained. In addition, we investigated the formation mechanism of the as-synthesized nanoparticles. The hollow structure of the as-synthesized nanoparticles was attributed to the aggregates of mixed micelles that acted as a sacrificial template, while the double shell structure was attributed to the faster formation rate of zinc silicate compared to silica. This method provides a simple and inexpensive route for synthesizing hollow nanoparticles with a core-double shell structure in a single step because the steps for core formation and layer-by-layer shell growth are not required.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by a grant from the National Research Foundation of Korea (Grant No. 2014R1A2A1A11051436).
© 2016 The Royal Society of Chemistry.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)